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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 124–134 | Cite as

Potential Use of Sicilian Landraces in Biofortification of Modern Durum Wheat Varieties: Evaluation of Caryopsis Micronutrient Concentrations

  • F. Sciacca
  • M. Allegra
  • S. Licciardello
  • G. Roccuzzo
  • B. Torrisi
  • N. Virzì
  • M. BrambillaEmail author
  • E. Romano
  • M. Palumbo
Open Access
Quality and Utilization

Abstract

The selection process has caused modern durum wheat cultivars to achieve higher yields with different protein quality but also to have low micronutrient amounts. In order to evaluate the suitability of germplasm for the recovery of such nutrient content, macro- and microelements concentrations in twelve ancient Sicilian durum wheat landraces and in three modern cultivars were compared. According to the results, the substantial differences in macro- and micro-element concentrations between the two groups of wheat genotypes suggest ancient Sicilian landraces can effectively represent a suitable genetic material for biofortification plans of micronutrients in modern varieties.

Keywords

Triticum turgidum biodiversity bioactive compounds mineral concentration 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the PON01_01145 “ISCOCEM” Project for the financial support. The authors also aknowledge Mr. Elia Premoli, for the valuable help provided in organizing the data set.

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2018

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Sciacca
    • 1
  • M. Allegra
    • 1
  • S. Licciardello
    • 1
  • G. Roccuzzo
    • 1
  • B. Torrisi
    • 1
  • N. Virzì
    • 1
  • M. Brambilla
    • 2
    Email author
  • E. Romano
    • 2
  • M. Palumbo
    • 1
  1. 1.Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia agraria (CREA)Centro di ricerca Cerealicoltura e Colture Industriali, Laboratorio di AcirealeAcireale (Catania)Italy
  2. 2.Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia agraria (CREA)Centro di ricerca Ingegneria e Trasformazioni agroalimentari, sede di TreviglioTreviglio (Bergamo)Italy

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