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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 284–295 | Cite as

Antibiosis Components and Antioxidant Defense of Rice as Mechanism of Resistance to Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål)

  • I. Singh
  • P. S. SaraoEmail author
  • N. Sharma
Article

Abstract

The role of antibiosis components and antioxidant defense of rice genotypes, namely CR3006-8-2, RP4918-221, KAUM182-1, T12, IHRT-ME-25, W1263, Ptb33 (resistant check) and TN1 (susceptible check) was studied by phenotyping them against brown planthopper (BPH). Three genotypes, namely KAUM182-1, RP4918-221 and CR3006-8-2 were resistant to BPH and significantly low damage score (1.97–3.00); honeydew excretion area (46.76–49.64 mm2); nymphal survival (60.60–66.40%) and growth index (2.98–3.86) was recorded on them. Higher constitutive and induced level of soluble phenolics, peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase was observed in resistant genotypes without and with BPH infestation. A negative relationship between honeydew excretion, nymphal emergence, growth index and nymphal survival was observed with these biochemical constituents. Likewise, a reverse trend was observed between nymphal development period and biochemical constituents. These genotypes have emerged as a new source of resistance to BPH which can be used in hybridization programme to breed durable BPH resistant rice varieties.

Keywords

rice brown planthopper antibiosis biochemical antioxidant resistance 

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42976_2017_4502284_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (125 kb)
Antibiosis Components and Antioxidant Defense of Rice as Mechanism of Resistance to Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål)

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rice Section, Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhiana, PunjabIndia

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