Antibiosis Components and Antioxidant Defense of Rice as Mechanism of Resistance to Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål)

Abstract

The role of antibiosis components and antioxidant defense of rice genotypes, namely CR3006-8-2, RP4918-221, KAUM182-1, T12, IHRT-ME-25, W1263, Ptb33 (resistant check) and TN1 (susceptible check) was studied by phenotyping them against brown planthopper (BPH). Three genotypes, namely KAUM182-1, RP4918-221 and CR3006-8-2 were resistant to BPH and significantly low damage score (1.97–3.00); honeydew excretion area (46.76–49.64 mm2); nymphal survival (60.60–66.40%) and growth index (2.98–3.86) was recorded on them. Higher constitutive and induced level of soluble phenolics, peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase was observed in resistant genotypes without and with BPH infestation. A negative relationship between honeydew excretion, nymphal emergence, growth index and nymphal survival was observed with these biochemical constituents. Likewise, a reverse trend was observed between nymphal development period and biochemical constituents. These genotypes have emerged as a new source of resistance to BPH which can be used in hybridization programme to breed durable BPH resistant rice varieties.

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Correspondence to P. S. Sarao.

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Singh, I., Sarao, P.S. & Sharma, N. Antibiosis Components and Antioxidant Defense of Rice as Mechanism of Resistance to Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål). CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 45, 284–295 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1556/0806.45.2017.011

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Keywords

  • rice
  • brown planthopper
  • antibiosis
  • biochemical
  • antioxidant
  • resistance