Advertisement

Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 616–626 | Cite as

Impact of Terminal Heat Stress on Pollen Viability and Yield Attributes of Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

  • N. Kumar
  • Nitin Kumar
  • A. Shukla
  • S. C. Shankhdhar
  • D. ShankhdharEmail author
Physiology

Abstract

Global warming is rising as a serious concern affecting agricultural production worldwide. Rice is a staple food crop and the threshold temperature for its pollination is 35 °C. A rise in temperature above this value can cause pollen sterility and may severely affect fertilization. Therefore, a study emphasizing the rise in temperature with respect to pollen viability was conducted with eleven rice genotypes during kharif seasons of 2010 and 2011 in indigenous field conditions. Increasing mean temperature by 12 °C at full flowering was found to severely affect the spikelet attributes of the crop. All genotypes showed spikelet sterility above 90% during both seasons. The study indicated that increased temperature may limit rice yield by affecting spikelet fertility and grain filling. The net reduction in grain yield was 30.4% and 27.6% in 2010 and 2011, respectively. A clear reduction in pollen size under high temperature was shown by scanning electron microscopy.

Keywords

high temperature Oryza sativa pollen viability grain yield yield loss 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad and the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, for financial support under the All India Coordinated Rice Improvement Programme. We also thankful to the Department of Biological Sciences, College of Basic Sciences & Humanities, and the Department of Veterinary Anatomy, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pantnagar, for providing their microscope facilities.

Supplementary material

42976_2015_43040616_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (187 kb)
Impact of Terminal Heat Stress on Pollen Viability and Yield Attributes of Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

References

  1. Boden, S.A., Kavanová, M., Finnegan, E.J., Wigge, P.A. 2013. Thermal stress effects on grain yield in Brachypodium distachyon occur via H2A. Z –nucleosomes. Genome Biol. 14:R65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cho, J., Oki, T. 2012. Application of temperature, water stress, CO2 in rice growth models. Rice 5:10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cline, W.R. 2007. Global Warming and Agriculture: Impact Estimates by Country. Peterson Institute. Washington D.C., USA.Google Scholar
  4. Coffman, W.R. 1977. Rice varietal development for cropping systems at IRRI. Proc. of Symp. on Cropping Systems Research and Development for the Asian Rice Farmer. IRRI. Los Baños, Philippines. pp. 359–371.Google Scholar
  5. Easterling, W.E., Aggarwal, P.K., Batima, P., Brander, K.M.,Erda, L., Howden, S.M. 2007. Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.P., van der Linden, P.J., Hanson, C.E. (eds), Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, UK. pp. 273–313.Google Scholar
  6. Endo, M., Tsuchiya, T., Hamada, K., Kawamura, S., Yano, K., Ohshima, M., Higashitani, A., Watanabe, M., Kobayashi, M.K. 2009. High temperatures cause male sterility in rice plants with transcriptional alterations during pollen development. Plant and Cell Physiol. 50:1911–1922.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Farrell, T.C., Fox, K.M., Williams, R.L., Fukai, S. 2006. Genotypic variation for cold tolerance during reproductive development in rice: screening with cold air and cold water. Field Crops Res. 98:178–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hasanuzzaman, M., Nahar, K., Alam, M.M., Roychowdhury, R., Fujita, M. 2013. Physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms of heat stress tolerance in plants. Int. J. of Mol. Sci. 14:9643–9684.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. IPCC 2007. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: The Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press. UK and New York, NY, USA.Google Scholar
  10. Li, H., Cai1, J., Jiang, D., Liu, F., Dai T., Cao, W. 2013. Carbohydrates accumulation and remobilization in wheat plants as influenced by combined waterlogging and shading stress during grain filling. J. of Agron. and Crop Sci. 199: 38–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Liu, Q., Wu, X., Ma, J., Li, T., Zhou X., Guo, T. 2013. Effects of high air temperature on rice grain quality and yield under field condition. Agron. J. 105:446–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ma, H. 2005. Molecular genetic analyses of microsporogenesis and microgametogenesis in flowering plants. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 56:393–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mohammed, A.R., Tarpley, L. 2009. High nighttime temperatures affect rice productivity through altered pollen germination and spikelet fertility. Agric. and Forest Meteorology 149:999–1008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Prasad, P.V.V., Boote, K.J., Allen, L.H., Sheehy, J.E., Thomas, J.M.G. 2006. Species, ecotype and cultivar differences in spikelet fertility and harvest index of rice in response to high temperature stress. Field Crops Res. 95:398–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rang, Z.W., Jagadish, S.V.K., Zhou, Q.M., Craufurd P.Q., Heuer, S. 2011. Effect of high temperature and water stress on pollen germination and spikelet fertility in rice. Environ. and Exp. Bot. 70:58–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Sakata, T., Higashitani, A. 2008. Male sterility accompanied with abnormal anther development in plants, genes and environmental stresses with special reference to high temperature injury. Int. J. of Plant Developmental Biol. 2:42–51.Google Scholar
  17. Saragih, A.A., Puteh, A.B., Ismail, M.R., Mondal, M.M. A. 2013. Pollen quality traits of cultivated (Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica) and weedy (Oryza sativa var. nivara) rice to water stress at reproductive stage. Aust. J. of Crop Sci. 7:1106–1112.Google Scholar
  18. Satake, T., Yoshida, S. 1978. High temperature induced sterility in indica rice at flowering. Japanese J. of Crop Sci. 47:6–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Scott, R.J., Spielman, M., Dickinson, H.G. 2004. Stamen structure and function. Plant Cell 16:46–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Shah, F., Huang, J., Cui, K., Nie, L., Shah, T., Chen, C., Wang, K. 2011. Impact of high-temperature stress on rice plant and its traits related to tolerance. J. of Agric. Sci. 149:545–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Takeoka, Y., Al Mamun, A., Wada T., Kaufman, P.B. 1992. Primary features of the effect of environmental stress on rice spikelet morphogenesis. In: Reproductive adaptation of rice to environmental stress. Developments in Crop Science. Elsevier Science Publishers. Amsterdam, The Netherlands 22:113–141.Google Scholar
  22. Yamakawa, H., Hakata, M. 2010. Atlas of rice grain filling-related metabolism under high temperature: joint analysis of metabolome and transcriptome demonstrated inhibition of starch accumulation and induction of amino acid accumulation. Plant Cell Physiol. 51:795–809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Kumar
    • 1
  • Nitin Kumar
    • 1
  • A. Shukla
    • 1
  • S. C. Shankhdhar
    • 1
  • D. Shankhdhar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Plant Physiology, College of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesG. B. Pant University of Agriculture and TechnologyPantnagar (U. S. Nagar)India

Personalised recommendations