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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 554–566 | Cite as

Consequences of 1BL/1RS Translocation on Agronomic and Physiological Traits in Wheat

  • S. Tahmasebi
  • B. HeidariEmail author
  • H. Pakniyat
  • A. Dadkhodaie
Genetics

Abstract

The 1BL/1RS wheat-rye translocations had been used in wheat breeding programs worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the 1BL/1RS translocation in SeriM82 /Babax recombinant population. 167 lines of this population were assayed under well-irrigated, terminal drought, heat and a combination of heat and drought stress conditions in two years. 5S rDNA and Iag95 markers were used to differentiate genotypes with or without the1BL/1RS translocation. Presence of 1BL/1RS translocation reduced grain yield (YLD), grain per spike (GSP) and grain per m2 (GM2). QTLs in 1 BL/1RS segments indicated increased thousand-grain weight (TGW), chlorophyll content, spikelet per spike (SPLS), spike compactness (SCOM) and awn length (AWL) but reduced YLD, GSP and GM2. The 1BL/1RS carrying lines’ response varied between assayed environments. Plants of drought trials were more affected by 1BL/1RS compared to others. Differences in the effects of 1BL/1RS and QTLs suggest that gene expression at translocation loci is restricted to specific environmental conditions. In general, the 1BL/1RS translocation could not be a suitable source of genetic diversity for enhancing grain yield under heat and drought stresses.

Keywords

1BL/1RS translocation wheat stress QTL 

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Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors gratefully acknowledge Dr. Lynne McIntyre from CSIRO plant industry for providing the molecular map and rye-specific markers scores of SeriM82/Babax population.

Supplementary material

42976_2015_43040554_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (362 kb)
Consequences of 1BL/1RS Translocation on Agronomic and Physiological Traits in Wheat

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Tahmasebi
    • 1
  • B. Heidari
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. Pakniyat
    • 1
  • A. Dadkhodaie
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Crop Production and Plant Breeding, College of AgricultureShiraz UniversityShirazIran

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