Consequences of 1BL/1RS Translocation on Agronomic and Physiological Traits in Wheat

Abstract

The 1BL/1RS wheat-rye translocations had been used in wheat breeding programs worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the 1BL/1RS translocation in SeriM82 /Babax recombinant population. 167 lines of this population were assayed under well-irrigated, terminal drought, heat and a combination of heat and drought stress conditions in two years. 5S rDNA and Iag95 markers were used to differentiate genotypes with or without the1BL/1RS translocation. Presence of 1BL/1RS translocation reduced grain yield (YLD), grain per spike (GSP) and grain per m2 (GM2). QTLs in 1 BL/1RS segments indicated increased thousand-grain weight (TGW), chlorophyll content, spikelet per spike (SPLS), spike compactness (SCOM) and awn length (AWL) but reduced YLD, GSP and GM2. The 1BL/1RS carrying lines’ response varied between assayed environments. Plants of drought trials were more affected by 1BL/1RS compared to others. Differences in the effects of 1BL/1RS and QTLs suggest that gene expression at translocation loci is restricted to specific environmental conditions. In general, the 1BL/1RS translocation could not be a suitable source of genetic diversity for enhancing grain yield under heat and drought stresses.

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Acknowledgement

The authors gratefully acknowledge Dr. Lynne McIntyre from CSIRO plant industry for providing the molecular map and rye-specific markers scores of SeriM82/Babax population.

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Correspondence to B. Heidari.

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Communiated by A. Börner

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Tahmasebi, S., Heidari, B., Pakniyat, H. et al. Consequences of 1BL/1RS Translocation on Agronomic and Physiological Traits in Wheat. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 43, 554–566 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1556/0806.43.2015.016

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Keywords

  • 1BL/1RS translocation
  • wheat
  • stress
  • QTL