Inhibition of the Formation of Amyloid-Like Fibrils with Spices, Especially Cloves
During the study of inhibition of amyloid fibril formation, a-chymotrypsin protein was developed in 55% ethanol at pH 7.0. We investigated the inhibitory effect of different spices on amyloid fibril formation using turbidity measurements and Congo red binding assays. We found that all spices except the black pepper and caraway seed prevented fibril formation. The highest inhibition was measured with the clove, which reduced the amount of aggregates by 90%. We studied the inhibitory effect of the cloves at different concentrations on aggregation, it was found that the inhibitory activity of clove is dependent on concentration. We have measured the total phenolic content of the spice extracts too. Based on all these findings we have come to the following conclusion: Our results indicate that spices can contain other compounds too — not only phenolic compounds — which influence the formation of amyloid fibrils, and the effectiveness of various phenolic compounds are different.
Keywordsα-chymotrypsin amyloid fibrils clove polyphenols spice
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