Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 68, Issue 3, pp 255–266 | Cite as

Optimised Selenium Enrichment of Artemia sp. Feed to Improve Red Drum (Sciaenops Ocellatus) Larvae Rearing

  • Péter JuhászEmail author
  • Szvetlana Lengyel
  • Zsolt Udvari
  • Alex Nagy Sándor
  • László Stündl


Selenium is an essential microelement for the normal functioning of life processes. Moreover, it is a component of enzymes with antioxidant effects. However, it has the smallest window of any micronutrient between requirement and toxicity. Selenium is a regularly used element in fish feeds; moreover, enriching zooplankton with selenium to rear larvae is also a well-known technology. It is accepted that the most common starter foods of fish larvae, natural rotifers contain the smallest dosage of selenium, but providing selenium enriched Artemia sp. instead could increase survival and growth rate of fish. However, no such references are available for the red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) larvae. Therefore, in this study, Artemia sp. was enriched with nano-selenium of verified low toxicity and easy availability in 5 treatments (1, 5, 10, 50, 100 mg/l Se), and then, fish larvae were fed with four of these enriched Artemia stocks (1, 5, 10, 50 mg/l Se) and a control group. At the end of the 9-day-long experiment, survival rate (S) and growth parameters (SL, W, K-factor, SGR) of fish larvae were calculated as well as their selenium retention and glutathione peroxidase enzyme activity were analysed. It was revealed that a moderate level of selenium enrichment (∼4 mg/kg dry matter) of Artemia sp. positively influences the rearing efficiency (i.e. survival and growth) of fish larvae, but higher dosages of selenium could cause adverse effects.


Nano elemental selenium red drum Artemia sp. enrichment optimum 


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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2017

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Péter Juhász
    • 1
    Email author
  • Szvetlana Lengyel
    • 2
  • Zsolt Udvari
    • 3
  • Alex Nagy Sándor
    • 4
  • László Stündl
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Department of Animal HusbandryUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary
  2. 2.Network of Aquaculture Centres in Central and Eastern EuropeSzarvasHungary
  3. 3.Ministry of AgricultureBudapestHungary
  4. 4.Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary

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