Achillea biebersteinii (Asteraceae) is a perennial medicinal plant and has a wide distributional range in the Mediterranean region. The present study investigated the inhibitory effects of different plant parts of A. biebersteinii on germination characteristics and seedling growth of wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum). Water extracts were prepared by incubating separately five grams of dried powder of roots, stems, leaves and flowers of A. biebersteinii in 100 ml of distilled water for 24 h and distilled water was used as the control. The water extracts from different plant parts of A. biebersteinii differed in their effects on the germination and seedling growth of wild barley. Water extracts prepared from leaves and flowers were more suppressive to germination of wild barley than root and stem extracts. The maximum inhibition in radical and plumule growth of germinating caryopses and in root and shoot growth of greenhouse-grown wild barley was recorded for leaf extract followed by flower extract. The lowest Chl a, Chl b and total chlorophyll and protein contents were resulted after exposure to leaf extracts. According to these results, the inhibitory effects of different A. biebersteinii plant parts can be arranged in the order: leaf > flower > stem > root.
Aburjai, M., Hudaib, M. (2006) Antiplatelet, antibacterial and antifungal activities of Achillea falcata extracts and evaluation of volatile oil composition, Pharmacog. Mag. 2, 191–197.
Abu-Romman, S. (2011) Comparison of methods for isolating high quality DNA from sage (Salvia officinalis), J. Med. Plants Res. 5, 938–941.
Abu-Romman, S. (2011) Allelopathic potential of Achillea biebersteinii Afan. (Asteraceae), World Appl. Sci. J. 15, 947–952.
Abu-Romman, S., Ammari, T. (2015) Allelopathic effect of Arundo donax, a mediterranean invasive grass, Plant Omics. 8, 287–291.
Alkofahi, A., Batshoun, R., Owais, W., Najib, N. (1996) Biological activity of some Jordanian medicinal plant extracts, Fitoterapia 68, 435–442.
Al-Qura’n, S. (2008) Taxonomical and pharmacological survey of therapeutic plants in Jordan, J. Nat. Prod. 1, 10–26.
Bader, A., Flamini, G., Cioni, P. L., Morelli, I. (2003) Essential oil composition of Achillea santolina L. and Achillea biebersteinii Afan collected in Jordan, Flavour Fragrance J. 18, 36–38.
Bais, H. P., Vepachedu, R., Gilroy, S. (2003) Callaway R. M. and Vivanco J. M., Allelopathy and exotic plant invasion: from molecules and genes to species interactions, Science 301, 1377–1380.
Batish, R. D., Lavanya, K., Singh, H. P., Kohli, R. K. (2007) Phenolic allelochemicals released by Chenopodium murale affect the growth, nodulation and macromolecule content in chickpea and pea, J. Plant Growth Regul. 51, 119–128.
Baziramakenga, R., Leroux, G. D., Simard, R. R., Nadeau, P. (1997) Allelopathic effects of phenolic acids on nucleic acid and protein levels in soybean seedlings, Can. J. Bot. 75, 445–450.
Blum, U., Gerig, T. M., Worsham, A., D. King, L. D. (1993) Modification of allelopathic effects of p-coumaric acid on morning-glory seedling biomass by glucose, methionine, and nitrate, J. Chem. Ecol. 19, 2791–2811.
Bradford, M. M. (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein dye binding, Anal. Biochem. 72, 248–253.
Burgos, N. R., Talbert, R. E., Kim, K. S., Kuk, Y. I. (2004) Growth inhibition and root ultrastructure of cucumber seedlings exposed to allelochemicals from rye (Secale cereale), J. Chem. Ecol. 30, 671–689.
Chung, I. M., Seigler, D., Miller, D. A., Kyung, S. H. (2000) Autotoxic compounds from fresh alfalfa leaf extracts: identification and biological activity, J. Chem. Ecol. 26, 315–327.
Cruz-Ortega, R., Anaya, A. L., Hernández, B. E., Laguna, G. (1998) Effects of allelochemical stress produced by Sicyos deppei on seedling root ultrastructure of Phaseolus vulgaris and Cucurbita ficifolia, J. Chem. Ecol. 24, 2039–2057.
Ding, J., Sun, Y., Xiao, C. L., Shi, K., Zhou, Y. H., Yu, J. Q. (2007) Physiological basis of different allelopathic reactions of cucumber and figleaf gourd plants to cinnamic acid, J. Exp. Bot. 58, 3765–3773.
Han, C., M., Pan, K. W., Wu, N., Wang, J. C., Li, W. (2008) Allelopathic effect of ginger on seed germination and seedling growth of soybean and chive, Sci. Hortic. 116, 330–336.
Hoagland, L., Carpenter-Boggs, L., Reganold, J. P., Mazzola, M. (2008) Role of native soil biology in Brassicaseous seed meal-induced weed suppression, Soil Biol. Biochem. 40, 1689–1697.
Hu, G., Zhang, Z. (2013) Allelopathic effects of Chromolaena odorata on native and non-native invasive herbs, J. Food Agric. Environ. 11, 878–882.
Inderjit, Mallik, A. U. (2002) Can Kalmia angustifolia interference to black spruce (Picea mariana) be explained by allelopathy? Forest Ecol. Manag. 160, 75–84.
Jinhu, M., Guofang, X., Wenxiu, Y., Leilei, M., Mei, G., Yuguo, W. (2012) Inhibitory effects of leachate from Eupatorium adenophorum on germination and growth of Amaranthus retroflexus and Chenopodium glaucum, Acta Ecol. Sin. 32, 50–56.
Khaliq, A., Matloob, A., Irshad, M. S., Tanveer, A., Zamir, S. I. (2010) Organic weed management in maize (Zea mays L.) through integration of allelopathic crop residues, Pak. J. Weed Sci. Res. 16, 409–420.
Khanh, T. D., Hong, N. H., Xuan, T. D., Chung, I. M. (2005) Paddy weed control by medicinal and leguminous plants from Southeast Asia, Crop Prot. 24, 421–431.
Kobayashi, K. (2004) Factors affecting phytotoxic activity of allelochemicals in soil, Weed Biol. Manag. 4, 1–7.
Kumari, A., Kohli, R. K. (1987) Autotoxicity of ragweed parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus), Weed Sci. 35, 629–632.
Laterra, P., Bazzalo, M. E. (1999) Seed-to-seed allelopathic effects between two invaders of burned Pampa grasslands, Weed Res. 39, 297–308.
Lichtenthaler, H. K. (1987) Chlorophylls and carotenoids: Pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes, Meth. Enzym. 148, 350–382.
McIntyre, D. S. (1980) Basic relationships for salinity evaluation from measurements on soil solution, Aust. J. Soil Res. 18, 199–206.
Mersie, W., Singh, M. (1993) Phenolic acids affect photosynthesis and protein synthesis by isolated leaf cells of velvet-leaf, J. Chem. Ecol. 19, 1293–1301.
Mishra, J. S., Swain, D., Singh, V. P. (2001) Allelopathic effect of Asphodelus tenuifolius on wheat, mustard, lentil and chickpea, Pestology. 25, 48–50.
Moreno, D, A., Ilic, N., Poulev, A., Brasaemle, D. L., Fried, S., Raskin, I. (2003) Inhibitory effects of grape seed extract on lipases, Nutrition. 19, 876–879.
Nekonam, M. S., Razmjoo, J., Kraimmojeni, H., Sharifnabi, B., Amini, H., Bahrami, F. (2014) Assessment of some medicinal plants for their allelopathic potential against redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus), J. Plant Protect. Res. 54, 90–95.
Nishida, N., Tamotsu, S., Nagata, N., Saito, C., Sakai, A. (2005) Allelopathic effects of volatile monoterpenoids produced by Salvia leucophylla: Inhibition of cell proliferation and DNA synthesis in the root apical meristem of Brassica campestris seedlings, J. Chem. Ecol. 31, 1187–1203.
Olofsdotter, M. (1998) Allelopathy in rice. In: Olofsdotter, M. (ed.) Proceeding of the workshop on allelopathy in rice, 25–27 Nov. 1996. Manila, Philippines, International Rice Research Institute.
Rice, E. L. (1984) Allelopathy. second ed. Academic Press, Orlando, Florida.
SAS Institute Inc. (1988) The SAS System for Windows Release 6.12. SAS Institute Inc, Cary, NC.
Scrivanti, L. R. (2010) Allelopathic potential of Bothriochloa laguroides var. laguroides (DC.) Herter (Poaceae: Andropogoneae), Flora. 205, 302–305.
Siddiqui, Z. S. (2007) Allelopathic effects of black pepper leachings on Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper, Acta Physiol. Plant. 29, 303–308.
Siefermann-Harms, D. (1987) The light-harvesting and protective functions of carotenoids in photosynthetic membranes, Physiol. Plant. 69, 561–568.
Sodaeizadeh, H., Rafieiolhossaini, M., Havlík, J., Van Damme, P. (2009) Allelopathic activity of different plant parts of Peganum harmala L. and identification of their growth inhibitors substances, Plant Growth Regul. 59, 227–236.
Toncer, O., Basbag, S., Karaman, S., Dıraz, E., Basbag, M. (2010) Chemical composition of the essential oils of some Achillea species growing wild in Turkey, Int. J. Agric. Biol. 12, 527–530.
Weir, T. L., Park, S.-W., Vivanco, J. M. (2004) Biochemical and physiological mechanisms mediated by allelochemicals, Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 7, 472–479.
Weston, L. A., Duke S. O. (2003) Weed and crop allelopathy. Crit. Rev. Plant Sci. 22, 367–389.
Yang, C. M., Lee, C. N., Chou, C. H. (2002) Effects of three allelopathic phenolics on chlorophyll accumulation of rice (Oryza sativa) seedlings: I. Inhibition of supply-orientation, Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 43, 299–304.
Yang, C. M., Chang, I. F., Lin, S. J., Chou, C. H. (2004) Effects of three allelopathic phenolics on chlorophyll accumulation of rice (Oryza sativa) seedlings: II. Stimulation of consumption-orientation, Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 45, 119–125.
Zohary, M., Feinbrun-Dothan, N. (1978) In Flora Palaestina, vol. 3. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities: Jerusalem. pp. 340–343.
About this article
Cite this article
Abu-Romman, S. Differential Allelopathic Expression of Different Plant Parts of Achillea Biebersteinii. BIOLOGIA FUTURA 67, 159–168 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1556/018.67.2016.2.4
- Achillea biebersteinii
- chlorophyll pigments
- Hordeum spontaneum
- seedling growth
- water extract