Differential Allelopathic Expression of Different Plant Parts of Achillea Biebersteinii

Abstract

Achillea biebersteinii (Asteraceae) is a perennial medicinal plant and has a wide distributional range in the Mediterranean region. The present study investigated the inhibitory effects of different plant parts of A. biebersteinii on germination characteristics and seedling growth of wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum). Water extracts were prepared by incubating separately five grams of dried powder of roots, stems, leaves and flowers of A. biebersteinii in 100 ml of distilled water for 24 h and distilled water was used as the control. The water extracts from different plant parts of A. biebersteinii differed in their effects on the germination and seedling growth of wild barley. Water extracts prepared from leaves and flowers were more suppressive to germination of wild barley than root and stem extracts. The maximum inhibition in radical and plumule growth of germinating caryopses and in root and shoot growth of greenhouse-grown wild barley was recorded for leaf extract followed by flower extract. The lowest Chl a, Chl b and total chlorophyll and protein contents were resulted after exposure to leaf extracts. According to these results, the inhibitory effects of different A. biebersteinii plant parts can be arranged in the order: leaf > flower > stem > root.

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Correspondence to Saeid Abu-Romman.

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Abu-Romman, S. Differential Allelopathic Expression of Different Plant Parts of Achillea Biebersteinii. BIOLOGIA FUTURA 67, 159–168 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1556/018.67.2016.2.4

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Keywords

  • Achillea biebersteinii
  • Allelopathy
  • chlorophyll pigments
  • germination
  • Hordeum spontaneum
  • seedling growth
  • water extract