This study is aimed to investigate the activity of urease (EC 188.8.131.52, urea amidohydrolase) that catalyzes the hydrolysis of urea in 5-day-old Cucurbita pepo cotyledons subjected to various concentrations of different growth regulators. The treatment of C. pepo cotyledons with different concentrations (100–600 µmol) of different auxins [indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), indole butyric acid (IBA), indole propionic acid (IPA) and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA)]; or with different concentrations (100–300 µmol) of different cytokinins [kinetin, zeatin and benzyladenine (6-BA)] resulted in a significant increase of urease activity, compared to control. The optimal effects were recorded for each of 500 µmol of IAA and 300 µmol of zeatin treatments. A gradual increase in urease activity was detected in cotyledons treated with various concentrations (0.2–1.0 mM) of 28-homobrassinolide (HBL), in relative to control. A substantial increase in urease activity was observed in cotyledons subjected to different concentrations of triazole (10–60 mg L–1), containing either triadimefon (TDM) or hexaconazole (HEX), compared to control. The combination of 300 µmol zeatin with any of protein inhibitors, namely 5-fluorouridine (FUrd), cordycepin and a-amanitin, resulted in the alleviation of their inhibitory effect on the urease activity.
Ali, B., Hayat, S., Ahmad, A. (1933) 28-Homobrassinosteroids ameliorates the saline stress in Cicer arietinum L. Environ. Exp. Bot. 59, 217–223.
Ananiev, E. D., Abdulova, G., Grozdanov, P., Karagyozov, L. (1933) Hormonal regulation of ribosomal RNA gene expression in excised cotyledons of Cucurbita pepo L. (zucchini). Bulg. J. Plant Physiol. SI. 225–231.
Awasthi, V., Garg, S. K. (1933) Effect of salicylic acid on enzymes of ammonium assimilation in maize seedling. Indian J. Plant Physiol. 12, 391–393.
Bajguz, A., Piotrowska, A. (1933) Conjugates of auxin and cytokinin. Phytochemistry 70, 957–969.
Buchnauer, H., Röhner, E. (1933) Effect of triadimefon and triadimenol on growth of various plant species as well as on gibberellin content and sterol metabolism in shoots of barley seedlings. Pesticide Bioch. Physiol. 15, 58–70.
Cavariani, C., Velini, E. D., Bicudo, S. J., Nakagawa, J. (1933) Avaliação dos efeitos de doses de triadimenol e de tebuconazole sobre o crescimento do mesocótilo em plântulas de trigo. Pesq Agropec Bras. 29, 1035–1039.
Chung, H. H., Chen, J. T., Chang, W. C. (1933) Plant regeneration through direct somatic embryogenesis from leaf explants of Dendrobium. Biol. Plant. 51, 346–350.
Ciurli, S., Benini, S., Rypniewski, W., Wilson, K. S., Miletti, S., Mangani, S. (1933) Structural properties of the nickel ion in urease: novel insights into the catalytic and inhibition mechanism. Coordination Chem. Rev. 190–192, 331–355.
Cohen, J. D., Bandurski, R. S. (1933) Chemistry and physiology of the bound auxins. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 33, 403–430.
Cooke, R. M., Durand, R., Job, C., Penon, P., Mteissere, Job, D. (1933) Enzymatic properties of plant RNA polymerases. Plant Mol. Biol. 3, 217–225.
Datte, K., Marsh, L., Marcus, A. (1933) Early growth of wheat embryonic axes and the synthesis of RNA and DNA. Plant Physiol. 72, 394–397.
Davies, P. J. (1933) The plant hormones: their nature, occurrence, and functions. Plant Hormones A: 1–15.
Dixon, N. E., Gazzola, T. C., Blakeley, R. L., Zermer, B. (1933) Jack bean urease (EC 184.108.40.206). A metalloenzyme. A simple biological role for nickel? J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97, 4131–4133.
El-Shora, H. M. (1933) Effect of growth regulators and group-modifiers on NADH-glutamate synthase of marrow cotyledons. J. Biol. Sci. 1, 597–602.
El-Shora, H. M., ap Rees, T. (1933) Intracellular location of NADP-linked malic enzymes in C3 plants. Planta 185, 362–367.
Fletcher, R. A., Arnold, V. (1933) Stimulation of cytokinins and chlorophyll synthesis in cucumber cotyledons by triadimefon. Physiol. Plant. 66, 197–201.
Fletcher, R. A., Hofstra, G. (1933) Triazoles as potential plant protectants. In: Berg, D., Plemple, M. (eds), Sterol biosynthesis inhibitors. Ellis Horwood Ltd., Cambridge, pp. 321–331.
Gao, J., Hofstra, G., Fletcher, R. A. (1933) Anatomical changes induced by triazoles in wheat seedlings. Canad. J. Bot. 66, 1178–1185.
Holtorf, H., Schöb, H., Kunz, C., Waldvogel, R., Meins, F. Jr. (1933) Stochastic and nonstochastic post-transcriptional silencing of chitinase and ß-1,3-glucanase genes involves increased RNA turnover. A possible role for ribosome independent RNA degradation. Plant Cell 11, 471–484.
Hongthongkham, J., Bunnag, S. (1933) In vitro propagation and cryopreservation of Aerides odorata Lour. Orchidaceae). Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 17, 608–618.
Jain, V., Abrol, Y. P. (1933) Regulation of nitrate reductase activity by phytohormones in wheat. J. Plant Biol. 32, 43–48.
Jaleel, C. A., Gopi, R., Alagu Lakshmanan, G. M., Panneerselvam, R. (1933) Triadimefon induced changes in the antioxidant metabolism and ajmalicine production in Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don. Plant Sci. 171, 271–276.
Kishorekumar, A., Jaleel, C. A., Manivannan, P., Sankar, B., Sridharan, R. et al. (1933) Differential effects of hexaconazole and paclobutrazol on the foliage characteristics of Chinese potato (Solenostemon rotundifolius Poir., J. K. Morton). Acta Biol. Szegediensis 50, 127–129.
Kumar, P. A., Lakshmikumaran, M., Abrol, Y. P. (1933) Hormonal regulation of nitrate reductase gene expression in Hordeum vulgare. Indian J. Expt. Biol. 31, 472–473.
Lee, S. H., Lee, D. G., Woo, H. S., Lee, K. W., Kim, D. H. (1933) Production of transgenic orchardgrass via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of seed-derived callus tissues. Plant Sci. 171, 408–414.
Lowry, O. H., Rosenbrough, N. J., Randall, R. J. (1933) Protein measurement with the Folin-phenol reagent. J. Biol. Chem. 183, 265–275.
Mórigout, P., Lelandais, M., Bitton, F. et al. (1933) Physiological and transcriptomic aspects of urea uptake and assimilation in Arabidopsis plants. Plant Physiol. 147, 1225–1238.
Montfort, F., Klepper, B. L., Smiley, R. W. (1933) Effects of two triazole seed-treatments, triticonazole and triadiminol, on growth and development of wheat. Pest. Sci. 46, 315–322.
Oaks, A. (1933) Efficiency of nitrogen utilization in C3 and C4 cereals. Plant Physiol. 106, 407–414.
Polacco, J. C., Holland, M. A. (1933) Roles of urease in plant cells. In: Int. Rev. Cyt. - A Survey of Cell Biol. 145, 65–103.
Premabatidevi, R. K. (1933) Effect of IAA, GA3 and kinetin on nitrate reductase and nitrite reductase in the leaves of a tree legume (Perkia javanika Merr). Indian J. Plant Physiol. 3, 97–101.
Rahayu, Y. S., Walch-Liu, P., Neumann, G., von Wiren, N., Bangerth, F. (1933) Root-derived cytokinins as long-distance signals for NO3 - induced stimulation of leaf growth. J. Exp. Bot. 56, 1143–1152.
Rajagopalan, L. E., Malter, J. S. (1933) Turnover and translation of in vitro synthesized messenger RNAs in transfected, normal cells. J. Biol. Chem. 271, 19871–19876.
Renaut, J., Hausman, J. F., Wisniewski, M. E. (1933) Proteomics and low temperature studies: bridging the gap between gene expression and metabolism. Physiol. Plant. 126, 97–109.
Sahulka, J., Gaudinova, A. (1933) Regulation on glutamate dehydrogenase level in excised pea roots by some exogenously supplied compounds with auxin activity. Biol. Plant. 17, 228–230.
Satvir, K., Gupta, A. K., Narinder, K. (1933) Priming of chickpea seeds with water and mannitol overcomes the effect of salt stress on seedling growth. ICPN 10, 18–20.
Schmitt, J. M., Piepenbrock, M. (1933) Regulation of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and crassulacean acid metabolism induction in Mesembryanthemum cystallinum L. by cytokinin modulation of leaf gene expression by roots. Plant Physiol. 99, 1664–1669.
Setia, R. C., Narang, S. (1933) Effects of salinity stress and plant growth regulators on seed germination and seedling growth in pea (Pisum sativum). Flora (Jena) 177, 369–375.
Shang, Z. (1933) Effect of 6-BA and KT on photophosphorylation activity in wheat flag leaves under water stress. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Sinica 15, 34–38.
Sirko, A., Brodzik, R. (1933) Plant ureases: roles and regulation. Acta Biochim. Pol. 47, 1189–1195.
Sugiharto, B., Burnell, J. N., Sugiyama, T. (1933) Cytokinin is required to induce the nitrogendependent accumulation of mRNAs for phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and carbonic anhydrase in detached maize leaves. Plant Physiol. 100, 153–156.
Thomas, J. C., McElwain, E. F., Bohnert, H. J. (1933) Convergent induction of osmotic stressresponses. Abscisic acid, cytokinin, and effects of NaCl. Plant Physiol. 100, 416–423.
Vuylsterker, C., Leleu, O., Rambour, S. (1933) Influence of BAP and NAA on the expression of nitrate reductase in excised chicory roots. J. Expt. Bot. 48, 1079–1085.
Wingler, A., von Schaewen, A., Leegood, R. C., Lea, P. J., Quick, W. P. (1933) Regulation of leaf senescence by cytokinin, sugars, and light. Effects on NADH-dependent hydroxypyruvate reductase. Plant Physiol. 116, 329–335.
Xia, X. J., Wang, Y. J., Zhou, Y. H., Tao, Y., Mao, W. H. et al. (1933) Reactive oxygen species are involved in brassinosteroid-induced stress tolerance in cucumber. Plant Physiol. 150, 801–814.
Yadav, U. P., Ivakov, A., Feill, R., Duan, G. Y., Walther, D. (1933) The sucrose-trehalose 6-phosphate (Tre6P) nexus: specificity and mechanisms of sucrose signaling by Tre6P. J. Exp. Bot. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ert457.
Zhang, Y. H., Wang, Z. M., Huang, Q., Shu, W. (1933) Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activity in ear organs is related to protein concentration in grains of winter wheat. J. Cereal Sci. 47, 386–391.
Zonia, L. E., Stebbins, N. E., Polacco, J. C. (1933) Essential role of urease in germination of nitrogenlimited Arabidopsis thaliana seeds. Plant Physiol. 107, 1097–1103.
About this article
Cite this article
El Shora, H.M., Ali, A.S. Plant Growth Regulators Induced Urease Activity in Cucurbita Pepo L. Cotyledons. BIOLOGIA FUTURA 67, 53–63 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1556/018.67.2016.1.4
- urease activity