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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 66, Issue 4, pp 374–384 | Cite as

Biological Potential of Marine Macroalgae of the Genus Cystoseira

  • Marijana KosanićEmail author
  • Branislav Ranković
  • Tatjana Stanojković
Article

Abstract

In the present investigation the acetone extracts of three macroalgae, Cystoseira amentacea, Cystoseira barbata and Cystoseira compressa, were tested for antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic potential. As a result of the study, C. amentacea extract had more potent free radical scavenging activity (IC50 = 409.81 ug/mL) than C. barbata and C. compressa extracts. For reducing power, measured values of absorbance varied from 0.0352 to 0.8873. The IC50 values for superoxide anion scavenging activity for different extracts were 521.45–976.62 ug/mL. Total phenol and flavonoid contents in extracts were 39.96–81.28 u.g PE/mg and 20.85–64.58 u.g RE/mg respectively. Further, all three Cystoseira species exhibited a similar antimicrobial activity. The lowest MIC value (0.312 mg/mL) was shown in the extract obtained from C compressa against Bacillus subtilis. Finally, extract of C. amentacea expressed the strongest cytotoxic activity toward tested cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 94.72 to 186.55 u.g/mL. Based on these results, it can be stated that the tested macroalgae can be used as potential natural antioxidants and antimicrobial and cytotoxic agents.

Keywords

Acetone extracts cytotoxic activity antimicrobial activity antioxidant activity algae 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2015

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marijana Kosanić
    • 1
    Email author
  • Branislav Ranković
    • 1
  • Tatjana Stanojković
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of KragujevacKragujevacSerbia
  2. 2.Institute of Oncology and Radiology of SerbiaBelgradeSerbia

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