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Gender identity and hate crimes: Violence against transgender people in Los Angeles County

  • Rebecca L. Stotzer
Special Issue Article

Abstract

Although efforts to improve the documentation of violence based on perceived gender identity have been steadily increasing over the last 10 years, the actual analysis of the reports of such violence has been limited. This article reports on a study that examined 49 cases of violence based on gender identity in Los Angeles County from 2002 through 2006. Although underreporting of such crimes certainly remains an issue, the findings suggested 3 main conclusions: Hate crimes based on a victim’s gender identity are often violent, perpetrators often manifest and verbalize high levels of a variety of prejudices, and transgender persons may be targets of violence for reasons far more complex than simply their violation of gender norms. This article discusses findings about the intersections of race, sexuality, socioeconomic status, and gender identity in the context of hate-motivated violence.

Keywords

sexuality prejudice intersectionality verbalizations bias 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Manoa School of Social WorkUniversity of HawaiiHonolulu

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