Chemical Papers

, Volume 69, Issue 9, pp 1187–1192 | Cite as

Reaction kinetics of malachite in ammonium carbamate solution

  • Ying-Bo Mao
  • Jiu-Shuai DengEmail author
  • Shu-Ming Wen
  • Jian-Jun Fang
Original Paper


The dissolution of malachite particles in ammonium carbamate (AC) solutions was investigated in a batch reactor, using the parameters of temperature, AC concentration, particle size, and stirring speed. The shrinking core model was evaluated for the dissolution rate increased by decreasing particle size and increasing the temperature and AC concentration. No important effect was observed for variations in stirring speed. Dissolution curves were evaluated in order to test shrinking core models for fluid-solid systems. The dissolution rate was determined as being controlled by surface chemical reaction. The activation energy of the leaching process was determined as 46.04 kJ mol−1.


dissolution kinetics malachite ammonium carbamate 


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Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ying-Bo Mao
    • 1
  • Jiu-Shuai Deng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shu-Ming Wen
    • 1
  • Jian-Jun Fang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Complex Non-ferrous Metal Resources Clean Utilisation, Faculty of Land Resource EngineeringKunming University of Science and TechnologyKunmingChina

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