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Chemical Papers

, Volume 69, Issue 9, pp 1141–1155 | Cite as

Selective catalytic oxidation of ammonia into nitrogen and water vapour over transition metals modified Al2O3, TiO2 and ZrO2

  • Magdalena JabłońskaEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Copper or iron supported on commercially available oxides, such as γ-Al2O3, TiO2 (anatase) and monoclinic tetragonal ZrO2 (mt-ZrO2) were tested as catalysts for selective catalytic oxidation of ammonia into nitrogen and water vapour (NH3-SCO) in the low temperature range. Different commercial oxides were used in this study to determine the influence of the specific surface area, acidic nature of the support and crystalline phases as well as of the type of species and aggregation state of transition metals on the catalytic performance in selective ammonia oxidation. Copper modified oxide supports were found to be more active and selective to nitrogen than catalysts impregnated with iron. Activities of both transition metal modified samples decreased in the following order: mt-ZrO2, TiO2 (anatase), γ-Al2O3. Quantitative total ammonia conversion was achieved with the Cu/ZrO2 catalytic system at 400°C. Characterisation techniques, e.g. H2-temperature programmed reduction, UV-VIS-diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, suggest that easily reducible copper oxide species are important in achieving high catalytic performances at low temperatures.

Keywords

oxide supports selective oxidation of ammonia NH3-SCO copper iron 

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© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ChemistryJagiellonian UniversityKrakówPoland

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