Chemical Papers

, Volume 69, Issue 5, pp 679–689 | Cite as

Extraction of Cu(II) with Acorga M5640 using hollow fibre liquid membrane

  • Shiva Agarwal
  • M. Teresa A. Reis
  • M. Rosinda C. Ismael
  • Jorge M. R. Carvalho
Original Paper


The extraction of copper from sulphuric/sulphate solutions using a hollow fibre module as contactor was studied. The aldoxime Acorga M5640 was used as an extractant. The effects on the extraction rate of the flow-rates, the concentrations of copper and extractant, pH, and the presence of Na2SO4 in the feed phase were investigated. The overall mass transfer coefficient for copper extraction was calculated from the experimental data and was compared with the value evaluated by the resistance in the series model. The extraction process was found to be governed by the diffusion in the boundary aqueous layer and also by the chemical reaction. The kinetic data obtained were used to simulate the extraction of copper with the pseudo-emulsion-based hollow fibre with strip dispersion technique. The accordance between the results thus calculated and the experimental data was found to be satisfactory, particularly for dilute feed solutions.


copper extraction Acorga M5640 hollow fibre liquid membranes 





fibre inner diameter m


logarithmic mean of fibre diameters (dodi)/ln(do/di) m


fibre outer diameter m


ionic strength M


overall mass transfer coefficient of extraction m s−1


overall mass transfer coefficient of permeation m s−1


local mass transfer coefficient m s−1


distribution ratio ([Cu]org/[Cu]aq)


volumetric flow-rate m3 s−1


resistance to mass transfer s m−1


regression coefficient


volume of phase m3

x, y



fractional resistance


fraction of free copper ions, [Cu2+]/[Cu(II)]


activity coefficient

Subscripts and superscripts


aqueous feed phase


forward reaction of extraction




organic phase


pseudo-emulsion phase


chemical reactionofextraction






initial value


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Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shiva Agarwal
    • 1
  • M. Teresa A. Reis
    • 1
  • M. Rosinda C. Ismael
    • 1
  • Jorge M. R. Carvalho
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Natural Resources and the Environment (CERENA) and Centre for Chemical Processes (CPQ), Department of Chemical EngineeringInstituto Superior TécnicoLisboaPortugal

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