, Volume 72, Issue 12, pp 1494–1498 | Cite as

Occurrence of the rare root aphid parasitoid, Aclitus obscuripennis (Hymeoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) in Iran

  • Samira Farahani
  • Ali Asghar Talebi
  • Petr Starý
  • Ehsan RakhshaniEmail author
Section Zoology


The sampling surveys were conducted in the northern Iran, using several Malaise traps, during 2010–2011. A single specimen of a rare root aphid parasitoid, Aclitus obscuripennis Förster, 1862 (Hym.: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) was identified among the collected specimens. This is the first record of the genus Aclitus in Iran and western Asian area. Aclitus obscuripennis is re-described and illustrated and its occurrence in Iran is discussed. Additional specimens from central Europe were examined and compared. Our findings introduced a new tritrophic ecological system to be further investigated in upcoming studies

Key words

Western Asia new record parasitoid wasps Hyrcanian forest 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Belshaw R., Dowton M., Quicke D.L.J. & Austin A.D. 2000. Estimating ancestral geographical distributions: a Gondwanan origin for aphid parasitoids? Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 267: 491–496. DOI: Scholar
  2. Boivin G., Hance T. & Brodeur J. 2012. Aphid parasitoids in biological control. Can. J. Plant Sci. 92: 1–12. DOI: Scholar
  3. Farahani S., Talebi A.A. & Rakhshani E. 2016. Iranian Braconidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea): diversity, distribution and host association. J. Insect. Biodivers. Syst. 2 (1): 1–92.Google Scholar
  4. Förster A. 1862. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Braconiden. Verh. Naturhist. Ver. Preuss. Rheinlande u. Westfalens 19: 225–288.Google Scholar
  5. Hågvar E.B. & Hofsvang T. 1991. Aphid parasitoids (Hy-menoptera, Aphidiidae): biology, host selection, and use in biological control. Biocontrol News Inf. 12: 13–41.Google Scholar
  6. Havelka J., Tomanović Ž., Kavallieratos N.G., Rakhshani E., Pons X., Petrović A., Pike K.S. & Starý P. 2012. Review and key to the world parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) of Aphis ruborum (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and its role as a host reservoir. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 105 (3): 386–394. DOI: Scholar
  7. Hollingbery E.N., Pike K.S., Graf G. & Graf D. 2012. Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) of rabbitbrush aphids and linkage with agriculturally important pest aphids in Washington State, United States of America. Can. Entomol. 144 (5): 621–634. DOI: Scholar
  8. Kargarian F., Hesami S. & Rakhshani E. 2016. First report of Monoctonia pistaciaecola (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from Iran. J. Entomol. Res. (Islamic Azad University, Arak Branch) 8 (3): 263–267. [in Persian]Google Scholar
  9. Kavallieratos N.G., Tomanović Ž., Starý P., Athanassiou C.G., Sarlis G.P., Petrović O., Niketić M. & Veroniki M.A. 2004. A survey of aphid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) of Southeastern Europe and their aphid-plant associations. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 39 (3): 527–563. DOI: Scholar
  10. Marshall T.A. 1896. Les Braconides (Supplement), pp. 481–635. In: Andre E. (ed.), 1897–1900. Species des Hymenopteres d’Europe et d’Algerie, Vol. 5, Chez l’auteur, Beaune.Google Scholar
  11. Rakhshani E., Starý P., Hidalgo N.P., Čkrkić J., Ghafouri-Moghaddam M., Tomanović S., Petrovic A. & Tomanović Ž. 2015. Revision of the world Monoctonia Starý, parasitoids of gall aphids: taxonomy, distribution, host range, and phylogeny (Hymenoptera, Braconidae: Aphidiinae). Zootaxa 3905 (4): 474–488. DOI: Scholar
  12. Rakhshani E., Starý P. & Tomanović Ž. 2013. Tritrophic associations and taxonomic notes on Lysiphlebus fabarum (Marshall)(Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae), a keystone aphid parasitoid in Iran. Arch. Biol. Sci. (Belgrade) 65 (2): 667–680. DOI: Scholar
  13. Rakhshani E., Talebi A.A., Starý P., Tomanović Ž. & Manzari S. 2007. Aphid-parasitoid (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Aphidiinae) associations on willows and poplars in Iran. Acta Zool. Acad. Sci. Hung. 53 (3): 281–292.Google Scholar
  14. Ramezani E., Marvie Mohadjer M.R., Knapp H.D., Ahmadi H. & Joosten H. 2008. The late-Holocene vegetation history of the Central Caspian (Hyrcanian) forests of northern Iran. The Holocene, 18 (2): 307–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sharkey M.J. & Wharton R.A. 1997. Morphology and terminology, pp. 19–37. In: Wharton R.A., Marsh P.M. & Sharkey M.J. (eds), Manual of the New World Genera of the Family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Special Publication 1. International Society of Hymenopterists, Washington, DC. 1: 1–439.Google Scholar
  16. Siadati S., Moradi H., Attar F., Etemad V., Hamzehée B. & Naqinezhad A. 2013. Botanical diversity of Hyrcanian forests; a case study of a transect in the Kheyrud protected lowland mountain forests in northern Iran. Phytotaxa 7 (1): 1–18. DOI: Scholar
  17. Starý P. 1958. A taxonomic revision of some Aphidiine genera with remarks on the subfamily Aphidiinae. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Acta Faun. Entomol. Mus. Nat. Pragae 4: 53–96.Google Scholar
  18. Starý P. 1959. A revision of the genus Aclitus Förster. Beitr. Entomol. 9 (1–2): 184–189.Google Scholar
  19. Starý P. 1961. Notes on the parasites of the root aphids (Hy-menoptera, Aphidiidae). Čas. Česk. Spol. Entomol. 58: 228–238.Google Scholar
  20. Starý P. 1962. Notes on aphid parasites (Hymenoptera, Aphidi-idae) of the southern Crimea. Entomol. Rev. 41: 544–545.Google Scholar
  21. Starý P. 1968. Diapause in Monoctonia pistaciaecola Starý, a parasite of gall aphids (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae; Homoptera: Aphidoidea). Boll. Lab. Entomol. Agr. ‘Filippo Silvestri’ 25: 241–250.Google Scholar
  22. Starý P. 1970. Biology of Aphid Parasites (Hymenoptera: Aphidi-idae) with Respect to Integrated Control. Dr W. Junk b.v., The Hague, 656 pp. ISBN-10: 9061931169, ISBN-13: 9789061931164Google Scholar
  23. Starý P. 1974. Pseudaclitus dysaphidis gen. n. and sp. n., a new parasite of Dysaphis aphids in Central Asia (Hom., Aphididae; Hym., Aphidiidae). Acta Entomol. Bohem. 71 (3): 178–181.Google Scholar
  24. Starý P. 1976. Aphid Parasites (Hymenoptera, Aphidiidae) of the Mediterranean Area. Springer, The Netherlands, 95 pp. ISBN-10: 9061930294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Starý P., Tomanović Ž. & Petrović O. 1998. A new parasitoid of root-feeding aphids from the Balkan mountains (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Aphidiinae). Deutsche Entomol. Zeitschr. 45 (2): 175–179. DOI: Scholar
  26. Takada H. & Hashimoto Y. 1985. Association of the root aphid parasitoids Aclitus sappaphis and Paralipsis eikoae (Hymenoptera, Aphidiidae) with the aphid-attending ants Pheidole fervida and Lasius niger (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Kontyu 53 (1): 150–160.Google Scholar
  27. Takada H. & Shiga M. 1974. Description of a new species and notes on the systematic position of the genus Aclitus (Hymenoptera, Aphidiidae). Kontyu 42 (3): 283–292.Google Scholar
  28. Wiackowski S.K., Wiacowska I., Werstak K. & Slusarczyk J. 2001. Aphid parasitoids Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) of Central and Southern Poland. Wiad. Entomol. 20 (1–2): 57–65.Google Scholar
  29. Yu D.S., Achterberg C. van & Horstmann K. 2012. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, Biology, Morphology and Distribution (Braconidae). Ottawa: Taxapad (Scientific Names for Information Management) Interactive Catalogue. Flash Drive.Google Scholar
  30. Žikić V., Lazarević M. & Milošević D. 2017. Host range patterning of parasitoid wasps Aphidiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Zool. Anz. 268: 75–83. DOI: Scholar

Copyright information

© Slovak Academy of Sciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samira Farahani
    • 1
  • Ali Asghar Talebi
    • 2
  • Petr Starý
    • 3
  • Ehsan Rakhshani
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Research Institute of Forests and RangelandsAgricultural Research Education and Extension Organization, (AREEO)TehranIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Agriculture, Department of EntomologyTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.Institute of EntomologyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicČeské BudejoviceCzech Republic
  4. 4.Department of Plant Protection, College of AgricultureUniversity of ZabolIran

Personalised recommendations