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Biologia

, Volume 72, Issue 11, pp 1355–1361 | Cite as

Phenetic similarity of European golden jackal (Canis aureus moreoticus) populations from southeastern Europe based on craniometric data

  • Georgi MarkovEmail author
  • Miklós Heltai
  • Ivan Nikolov
  • Aleksandra Penezić
  • József Lanszki
  • Ćirović Duško 
Section Zoology
  • 2 Downloads

Abstract

This study describes the craniometrical population pattern of the European golden jackal (Canis aureus moreoticus) populations inhabiting the southeastern part of its European range. The craniometric analysis was carried out using 18 linear skull and dental parameters. The analysis included 167 adult individuals (78 males and 89 females), originating from five populations inhabiting Bulgaria, Serbia and Hungary. The expected high degree of craniometric sexual dimorphism was confirmed. The multivariate differentiation analyses of linear characters were carried out separately for males and females from the five analyzed populations. The results are suggesting that Multiple Group Discriminant Analysis is able to “build” a model which classifies both males and females to the population from which they originated. The general pattern of craniometrical similarity in both males and females golden jackals in investigated area is not strongly bounded to the geographic origin of their population. Comparative population analysis of linear skull and dental parameters of golden jackals in southeastern Europe provided important information for future population differentiation studies across the whole golden jackal range.

Key words

European golden jackal southeastern Europe craniometric variability phenetic similarity 

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Copyright information

© Slovak Academy of Sciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georgi Markov
    • 1
    Email author
  • Miklós Heltai
    • 2
  • Ivan Nikolov
    • 3
  • Aleksandra Penezić
    • 4
  • József Lanszki
    • 5
  • Ćirović Duško 
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem ResearchBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.Szent István UniversityInstitute for Wildlife ConservationGödöllőHungary
  3. 3.Molecular Zoology Unit, Chair of ZoologyTechnical University of MunichFreisingGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Zoology, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  5. 5.University of KaposvárKaposvárHungary

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