Advertisement

Biologia

, Volume 70, Issue 1, pp 141–149 | Cite as

Foraging behaviour of insectivorous migrants and a resident songbird at a stopover site

  • Christoph RandlerEmail author
  • Stefan Pentzold
  • Constanze Pentzold
Article
  • 1 Downloads

Abstract

During their staging at stopover sites, migrants compete with resident species over food resources. This ‘resource competition hypothesis’ has often been examined in breeding areas of songbirds, but little is known about resource competition between migrants and resident species at stopover sites. We studied foraging behaviour and microhabitat of the endemic resident species Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca in comparison to eleven migrating species of the same genus or of the same flycatching guild during spring migration on Cyprus, a Mediterranean stopover site. We characterized microhabitats of congeneric Oenanthe species by less cover overhead and low perches and distinguished them from migrating Ficedula hypoleuca, Ficedula albicollis and Phoenicurus phoenicurus, which preferred high cover overhead and medium perches. In a hierarchical cluster analysis, O. cypriaca clustered together with three shrike species Lanius and the flycatcher Muscicapa striata, with less cover overhead, but high perches. During foraging, hopping behaviour discriminated best among the Oenanthe species. Multidimensional scaling on foraging behaviour showed that O. cypriaca is clearly distinct from the other species. Direct competition (aggressive encounters) between the resident species and migrants was rarely observed. Our results provide support for niche partitioning and coexistence between migrants and a resident species at a stopover site.

Key words

bird migration foraging behaviour habitat niche partitioning stopover sites 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors report no conflict of interest. The work carried out complies with current law of Cyprus. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. Footnote: Author Contributions: CR, SP and CP designed the study and did the fieldwork. CR performed the statistical analyses. CR, SP, CP discussed the data and wrote the manuscript.

References

  1. Alatalo R.V. 1982. Multidimensional foraging niche organization of foliage-gleaning birds in northern Finland. Ornis Scand. 13 (1): 56–71.Google Scholar
  2. Alatalo R.V., Gustafsson L. & Lundberg A. 1986. Interspecific competition and niche changes in tits (Parus spp.): evaluation of nonexperimental data. Amer. Naturalist 127 (6): 819–834. DOI: 10.1086/284527Google Scholar
  3. Baumann S. 2001. Observations on the coexistence of Palearctic and African orioles Oriolus spec. in Zimbabwe. Vogelwelt 122 (2): 67–79.Google Scholar
  4. BirdLife International. 2004. Birds in the European Union: A Status Assessment. BirdLife International, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 50 pp. ISBN: 0-946888-56-6Google Scholar
  5. Bensusan K.J., Shorrocks B. & Hamer K.C. 2011. Impacts of passage migrant songbirds on behaviour and habitat use of resident Sardinian Warblers Sylvia melanocephala in Gibraltar. Ibis 153 (3): 616–621. DOI: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.2011.01122.xGoogle Scholar
  6. Bruderer B. 1994. Habitat and niche of migrant red-backed shrikes in southern Africa. J. Ornithol. 135: 474–475. DOI: 10.1007/BF01639998Google Scholar
  7. Cody M.L. 1985. Habitat Selection in Birds. Academic Press, London, 558 pp. ISBN: 0121780805, 9780121780807Google Scholar
  8. Cody M.L. & Walter H. 1976. Habitat selection and interspecific interactions among Mediterranean sylviid warblers. Oikos 27 (2): 210–238.Google Scholar
  9. Chipley R.M. 1976. The impact of wintering migrant wood warblers on resident insectivorous passerines in a subtropical Colombian oak woods. Living Bird 15: 119–141.Google Scholar
  10. Delingat J., Dierschke V., Schmaljohann H., Mendel B. & Bairlein F. 2006. Daily stopovers as optimal migration strategy in a long-distance migrating passerine: the Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe. Ardea 94 (3): 593–605.Google Scholar
  11. Dierschke V. 2003. Rastverhalten von Steinschmätzern Oenanthe oenanthe in Abhängigkeit von den Ernährungsbedingungen während des Wegzugs auf Helgoland. Vogelwelt 124: 165–176.Google Scholar
  12. Flint P. & Stewart P. 1992. The Birds of Cyprus. An Annotated Checklist, 2nd edn. British Ornithologist’s Union, Tring, 234 pp. ISBN-10: 0907446140, ISBN-13: 978-0907446149Google Scholar
  13. Greenberg R. 1986. Competition in migrant birds in the non-breeding season. Curr. Ornithol. 3: 281–307. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4615-6784-4 6Google Scholar
  14. Greenberg R. 1995. Insectivorous migratory birds in tropical ecosystems: the breeding currency hypothesis. J. Avian Biol. 26 (3): 260–264.Google Scholar
  15. Hahn S., Bauer S. & Liechti F. 2009. The natural link between Europe and Africa–2.1 billion birds on migration. Oikos 118 (4): 624–626. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2008.17309.xGoogle Scholar
  16. Herrera C.M. 1978. Ecological correlates of residence and non-residence in a Mediterranean passerine bird community. J. Animal Ecol. 47 (3): 871–890.Google Scholar
  17. Hutto R.L. 1985. Habitat selection by nonbreeding, migratory landbirds, Chapter 16, pp. 455–476. In: Cody M.L. (ed.), Habitat Selection in Birds, Physiological Ecology, A Series of Monographs, Texts, and Treatises, Academic Press, London, 558pp. ISBN: 0-12-178-080-5Google Scholar
  18. Jedlicka J.A., Greenberg R., Perfecto I., Philpott S.M. & Dietsch T.V. 2006. Seasonal shift in the foraging niche of a tropical avian resident: resource competition at work? J. Trop. Ecol. 22 (4): 385–395. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0266467406003191Google Scholar
  19. Johnson M.D., Sherry T.W., Strong A.M. & Medori A. 2005. Migrants in Neotropical bird communities: an assessment of the breeding currency hypothesis. J. Anim. Ecol. 74: 333–341. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2005.00928.xGoogle Scholar
  20. Jones V.R. 2006. Comparative ecology of the endemic Cyprus Warbler and the congeneric Sardinian Warbler: implications of recent coexistence. Cambridge: PhD dissertation.Google Scholar
  21. Kaboli M., Aliabadian M., Thevenot M., Guillaume C.P. & Prodon R. 2006. Ecological segregation between Iranian wheatears. Zool. Middle East 39 (1): 41–58. DOI: 10.1080/09397140.2006.10638181Google Scholar
  22. Kelly J.F., DeLay L.S. & Finch D.M. 2002 Density-dependent mass gain by Wilson’s warblers during stopover. Auk 119 (1): 210–213. DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1642/0004-8038(2002)119[0210:DDMGBW]2.0.CO;2Google Scholar
  23. Lack P.C. 1986. Ecological correlates of migrants and residents in a tropical African savanna. Ardea 74 (2): 111–119.Google Scholar
  24. Leisler B. 1992. Habitat selection and coexistence of migrants and Afrotropical residents. Ibis 134 (Suppl s1): 77–82. DOI: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1992.tb04736.xGoogle Scholar
  25. Leisler B., Heine G. & Siebenrock K.H. 1983. Einnischung und interspezifische Territorialität überwinternder Steinschmätzer (Oenanthe isabellinae, O. oenanthe, O. pleschanka) in Kenia. J. Ornithol. 124 (4): 393–413. DOI: 10.1007/BF01640360Google Scholar
  26. Moore F.R. & Yong W. 1991. Evidence of food-based competition among passerine migrants during stopover. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 28 (2): 85–90. DOI: 10.1007/BF00180984Google Scholar
  27. Moreau R.E. 1972. The Palaearctic-African Bird Migration Systems. Academic Press, London and New York, 384 pp. ISBN: 0125066600, 9780125066600Google Scholar
  28. Moreno J. 1984. Search strategies of wheatears (Oenanthe oenanthe) and stonechats (Saxicola torquata): adaptive variation in perch height, search time, sally distance and inter-perch move length. J. Anim. Ecol. 53: 147–159.Google Scholar
  29. Norman G.R. & Streiner D.L. 2007. Biostatistics: The Bare Essentials, 3rd edition, PMPH, USA, 393 pp. ISBN: 1550094009, 9781550094008Google Scholar
  30. Pentzold S., Pentzold C. & Randler C. 2011. Bird and plant companion species predict breeding and migrant habitats of the genus Oenanthe. J. Ecol. Field Biol. 34 (3): 287–293. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5141/JEFB.2011.031Google Scholar
  31. Rabøl J. 1987. Coexistence and competition between overwintering willow warblers Phylloscopus trochilus and local warblers at Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Ornis Scand. 18 (2): 101–102.Google Scholar
  32. Randler C. 2010. Resource partitioning between the breeding migrant Cyprus Wheatear, Oenanthe cypriaca, and the passage migrant Spotted Flycatcher, Muscicapa striata, in Cyprus (Aves: Passeriformes). Zool. Middle East 49 (1): 33–38. DOI: 10.1080/09397140.2010.10638386Google Scholar
  33. Randler C. 2013. Do migrants influence the foraging behaviour of the insectivorous Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca at a stopover site? (Aves: Passeriformes). Zool. Middle East 59 (3): 196–202. DOI: 10.1080/09397140.2013.841421Google Scholar
  34. Randler C., Förschler M.I., Gonzalez J., Aliabadian M., Bairlein F. & Wink M. 2012. Phylogeography, pre-zygotic isolation and taxonomic status in the endemic Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca. J. Ornithol. 153 (2): 303–312. DOI: 10.1007/s10336-011-0744-8Google Scholar
  35. Randler C., Pentzold S. & Teichmann C. 2010b. Weather conditions and sexual differences affect the foraging behaviour of the insectivorous Cyprus Wheatear, Oenanthe cypriaca (Aves: Passeriformes: Muscicapidae). Vertebrate Zoology 60 (2): 175–181.Google Scholar
  36. Randler C., Teichmann C. & Pentzold S. 2010a. Breeding habitat preference and foraging of the Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca and niche partitioning in comparison with migrant Oenanthe species on Cyprus. J. Ornithol. 151 (1): 113–121. DOI: 10.1007/s10336-009-0432-0Google Scholar
  37. Salewski V., Almasi B., Heuman A., Thoma M. & Schlageter A. 2007. Agonistic behaviour of Palearctic migrants at a stopover site suggests interference competition. Ostrich 78 (2): 349–355. DOI: 10.2989/ostrich.2007.78.2.37.117Google Scholar
  38. Salewski V., Bairlein F. & Leisler B. 2003. Niche partitioning of two Palearctic passerine migrants with Afrotropical residents in their West African winter quarters. Behav. Ecol. 14 (4): 493–502. DOI: 10.1093/beheco/arg021Google Scholar
  39. Salewski V. & Jones P. 2006. Palearctic passerines in Afrotropical environments: a review. J. Ornithol. 147 (2): 192–201. DOI: 10.1007/s10336-006-0057-5Google Scholar
  40. Salewski V., Jones P. & Vickery J. 2002. Niche partitioning between immigrant Palearctic willow warblers Phylloscopus trochilus and resident Afrotropical warblers in three woodland habitats in Zimbabwe. Avian Sci. 2 (2002): 207–216.Google Scholar
  41. Sherry T.W. & Holmes R.T. 1996. Winter habitat quality, population limitation, and conservation of Neotropical-Nearctic migrant birds. Ecology 77 (1): 36–48.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christoph Randler
    • 1
    Email author
  • Stefan Pentzold
    • 2
  • Constanze Pentzold
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of Education HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Institute of BiologyUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany

Personalised recommendations