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Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 63, Issue 2, pp 412–415 | Cite as

Detection of Dirofilaria immitis antigen and antibodies against Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi and Ehrlichia canis in dogs from ten provinces of China

  • Jiawei Wang
  • Patrick Kelly
  • Jilei Zhang
  • Zhengsheng Shi
  • Chunlian Song
  • Xiaofeng Zheng
  • Yi Zhang
  • Yongqing Hao
  • Haiju Dong
  • Heba S. El-Mahallawy
  • Wenbin Xiong
  • Heng Wang
  • Jianji Li
  • Xinjun Zhang
  • Chengming WangEmail author
Research Note

Abstract

Despite the fact vector-borne diseases (VBDs) have been increasingly reported in dogs worldwide, there are only limited reports on VBDs in dogs in China with most being based on molecular detection of active infections. To provide further data on the exposure of dogs in China to VBD agents, we used commercial immunochromatographic assays to test plasma from 637 apparently healthy indoor and breeding colony dogs from 21 veterinary clinics in 10 provinces in China and a commercial dog breeding facility for circulating antigen of Dirofilaria immitis, and for circulating antibodies against Ehrlichia spp., Anaplasmaspp., and Borrelia burgdorferi. Overall, we found only low levels of exposure to Ehrlichia spp. (4.7%; 30/637), Anaplasma spp. (1.4%; 9/637), B. burgdorferi (0.9%; 6/637) and D. immitis (0.2%; 1/637) with most of the positive animals coming from the commercial breeding colony (26/103; 25.2%) where ectoparasites were most commonly noted. At least one vector-borne agent was found in dogs from 6 of the 10 provinces investigated. Our results confirm exposure of dogs from around China to a variety of VBDs, even indoor pets seldom observed to harbor ectoparasites.

Keywords

Vector-borne agents SNAP® 4Dx® dogs China 

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Copyright information

© Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiawei Wang
    • 1
  • Patrick Kelly
    • 2
  • Jilei Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhengsheng Shi
    • 3
  • Chunlian Song
    • 4
  • Xiaofeng Zheng
    • 5
  • Yi Zhang
    • 6
  • Yongqing Hao
    • 7
  • Haiju Dong
    • 8
  • Heba S. El-Mahallawy
    • 1
    • 9
  • Wenbin Xiong
    • 1
  • Heng Wang
    • 1
  • Jianji Li
    • 1
  • Xinjun Zhang
    • 1
  • Chengming Wang
    • 1
    • 10
    Email author
  1. 1.Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and ZoonosesYangzhou University College of Veterinary MedicineYangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Ross University School of Veterinary MedicineWest IndiesSaint Kitts and Nevis
  3. 3.China Agricultural University College of Veterinary MedicineBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Yunnan Agricultural University College of Animal Science & TechnologyKunming, YunnanPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Jiangsu Agri-animal Husbandry Vocational CollegeTaizhou, JiangsuPeople’s Republic of China
  6. 6.Xinjiang Agricultural University College of Veterinary MedicineUrumchi, XinjiangPeople’s Republic of China
  7. 7.Inner Mongolia Agricultural University College of Veterinary MedicineHohhot, Inner MongoliaPeople’s Republic of China
  8. 8.Henan Agricultural University College of Animal Science and Veterinary MedicineZhengzhou, HenanPeople’s Republic of China
  9. 9.Faculty of Veterinary MedicineSuez Canal UniversityIsmailiaEgypt
  10. 10.Department of PathobiologyCollege of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn UniversityUSA

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