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Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 63, Issue 2, pp 346–353 | Cite as

Prevalence and risk factors associated with Tritrichomonas foetus infection in cattle in the state of Paraíba, Brazil

  • Ruy Brayner Oliveira de FilhoEmail author
  • Karla Campos Malta
  • Jonas Melo de Borges
  • Pollyanne Raysa Fernandes de Oliveira
  • Givanildo Jacinto Santos dos Filho
  • Glaucia Grazielle Nascimento
  • Rinaldo Aparecido Mota
  • José Wilton Pinheiro Júnior
Article

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Tritrichomonas foetus infection and to evaluate risk factors associated with this infection among cattle in the state of Paraiba in northeastern Brazil. Samples of cervicovaginal mucus from 290 females and smegma from 59 males [beef, 31; mixed aptitude (beef and dairy), 10; and dairy, 18] from 31 farms were collected. Modified Diamond’s medium and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used for the laboratory diagnosis of T. foetus infection. Univariate analysis and logistic regression were performed to test for potential risk factors in addition to prevalence mapping. No sample was positive for T. foetus in culture, and the prevalence of T. foetus infection using PCR was 3.7% (13/349) [confidence interval (CI) 95%, 2.1%–6.4%]. In total, 19.3% (6/31) of the farms had at least one animal positive for T. foetus. The contact of females with males from other farms [Odds ratio, 5.9; 95% CI, 1.5–22.4; p = 0.009] was identified as a risk factor for T. foetus infection. This study demonstrates that T. foetus infection is prevalent among dairy cows in the state of Paraiba, Brazil. Sexual resting, removal of positive females, and avoiding contact of females with males from other farms are recommended to reduce the risk of infection.

Keywords

bovine culture PCR risk factors trichomonosis 

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Copyright information

© Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruy Brayner Oliveira de Filho
    • 1
    Email author
  • Karla Campos Malta
    • 2
  • Jonas Melo de Borges
    • 3
  • Pollyanne Raysa Fernandes de Oliveira
    • 3
  • Givanildo Jacinto Santos dos Filho
    • 4
  • Glaucia Grazielle Nascimento
    • 3
  • Rinaldo Aparecido Mota
    • 5
  • José Wilton Pinheiro Júnior
    • 5
  1. 1.Student from the Graduate Program in Tropical Animal ScienceFederal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE), Dois Irmãos CampusRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of Paraiba (UFPB), Campus II, Center for Agricultural SciencesUniversity CityAreiaBrazil
  3. 3.Student from the Graduate Program in Tropical Animal ScienceUFRPE, Dois Irmãos CampusRecifeBrazil
  4. 4.UFPB, Campus II, Center for Agricultural SciencesUniversity CityAreiaBrazil
  5. 5.Department of Veterinary MedicineUFRPE, Av. Dom Manoel, unnumbered, Dois IrmãosRecifeBrazil

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