Molecular cloning of enolase from Trichinella spiralis and the protective immunity in mice
Trichinella spiralis, the main pathogen of trichinosis, infects a wide range of mammalian hosts and is one of the most widespread parasites worldwide. For parasites, glycolysis is the most important way to generate energy. Previous studies showed that some enzymes involved in the glycolytic pathway play roles in regulation the host immunity. In this paper, enolase from T. spiralis was cloned and the protective potentials were studied. One hundred and sixty ICR mice were divided into four groups and vaccinated with recombinant enolase (pET-ENO), eukaryotic recombinant plasmid encoding enolase (pVAX1- ENO) and negative controls (pVAX1 and PBS), respectively. Two weeks after the second immunization, each mouse was challenged orally with 200 muscle larvae (MLs) of T. spiralis. Results showed that mice vaccinated with pET-ENO and pVAX1-ENO induced specific antibodies of IgG, IgA, IgM, but no IgE. Subclasses of IgG antibodies showed that mice immunized with recombinant protein and recombinant plasmids induced a Th1/Th2 immune response. Concentrations of serum cytokines were detected and showed significant increase of IFN-γ, IL-4 and TGFβ1, while IL-17 in each group was not significantly different. Flow cytometric analysis showed significant increase of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in the groups immunized with recombinant protein and recombinant plasmids. Challenge infection demonstrated that immunized groups had a reduced number of worm burdens. The reductions of larvae per gram muscle (LPG) in pET-ENO and pVAX1-ENO group were 17.7% and 15.8% when compared with PBS control.
KeywordsTrichinella spiralis Enolase DNA vaccination immune response
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