Advertisement

Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 63, Issue 1, pp 65–74 | Cite as

Scanning electron microscopy study of Strabax monstrosus von Nordmann, 1864 (Copepoda: Chondracanthidae) from Tunisian waters and histopathological study of its effects on host

  • Myriam GarboujEmail author
  • Bouchra Benmansour
  • Yann Quilichini
  • Sihem Bahri
Article

Abstract

Strabax monstrosus von Nordmann, 1864 (Copepoda: Chondracanthidae) is an ectoparasite and it was recently recorded from small red scorpionfish, Scorpaena notata Rafinesque, and red scorpionfish, Scorpaena scrofa L., collected from Tunisian coastal waters. Copepod females were found deeply embedded in the branchial cavity reaching the cardiac region with their mouth-parts. Observations of females and males using scanning electron microscopy showed a number of morphological features that have been previously overlooked or incompletely presented. In this study, we report for the first time the fine structures of appendages, mouthparts, external genital organs (nuptial organs), and other structures of male and female Strabax monstrosus. Histopathological study showed lesions in the cardiac region of the host fish which is the target site of the parasite. The presently reported finding is the first record of Strabax monstrosus from Scorpaena notata and Scorpaena scrofa collected from Tunisian waters.

Keywords

Strabax monstrosus Scorpaena notata Scorpaena scrofa scanning electron microscopy histopathology Tunisian waters 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andrews M., Battaglene S., Cobcroft J., Adams M., Noga E., Nowak B. 2010. Host response to the chondracanthid copepod Chondracanthus goldsmidi, a gill parasite of the striped trumpeter, Latris lineata (Forster), in Tasmania. Journal of Fish Diseases, 33, 211–20. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2761.2009.01107.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barnard K.H. 1948. New records and descriptions of new species of parasitic Copepoda of South Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 1, 242–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Benmansour B. 2001. Biodiversité et bio-écologie des copépodes parasites de poissons Téléostéens. Thèse de doctorat en biologie, Faculté des sciences de Tunis, Université de Tunis El Manar, pp. 454. (In French)Google Scholar
  4. Benmansour B., Ben Hassine O.K. 1997. Preliminary analysis of parasitic copepod species richness among coastal fishes of Tunisia. Italian Journal of Zoology, 65, 341–344. DOI: 10.1080/11250009809386844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brian A. 1912. Copépodes parasites des poissons et des échinides provenant des campagnes scientifiques de S.A.S. le Prince Albert Ier de Monaco (1886-1910). Résultats des Campagnes scientifiques accomplis sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco, 38, 1–58 (In French)Google Scholar
  6. Bush A.O., Lafferty K.D., Lotz J.M., Shostak A.W. 1997. Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology, 83, 575–583. DOI: 10.2307/3284227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Capart A. 1959. Copépodes parasites. Résultats Scientifiques de l’Expédition Océanographique Belge dans les Eaux Côtières Africaines de l’Atlantique Sud (1948–1949). Institut Royale des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, 3, 55–126. (In French)Google Scholar
  8. Cavaleiro F.I., Santos M.J. 2011. Site selection of Acanthochondria cornuta (Copepoda: Chondracanthidae) in Platichthys flesus (Teleostei: Pleuronectidae). Parasitology, 138, 1061–1067. DOI: 10.1017/s0031182011000606CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cushing J. 1977. Invertebrates, immune recognition and evolutionary processes. In: (Eds J.B. Solomon and J.D. Horton) Developmental Immunobiology, Elsevier/North-Holland, Biomedical Press, Amsterdam, pp. 27–32Google Scholar
  10. Grabda J. 1975. Observations on the localization and pathogenicity of Haemobaphes diceraus Wilson, 1917 (Copepoda: Lernaeoceridae) in the gills of Theragra chalcogramma (Pallas). Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 5, 13–23. DOI: 10.3750/ aip1975.05.2.02CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grabda J. 1977. Crustaceans—parasites of marine fishes. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne 23, 171–176PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Ho J.S. 1967. A new Cyclopoid copepod (Chondracanthidae) parasitic on the armored Sea Robin from the Florida Straits. Journal of Parasitology, 53, 406–411. DOI: 10.2307/3276601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ho J.S. 1970. Revision of the genera of the Chondracanthidae, a copepod family parasitic on marine fishes. Beaufortia, 17, 105–218Google Scholar
  14. Huys R., Boxshall G.A. 1991. Copepod evolution. London. The Ray Society, 159, pp. 468Google Scholar
  15. Mann H. 1953. Lernaeocera branchialis (Copepoda, Parasitica) und seine Schadwirkung bei einigen Gadiden. Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft, 4, 133–143Google Scholar
  16. Moser M., Taylor S. 1978. Effects of the copepod Cardiodectes medusaeus on the lanternfish Stenobrachius leucopsarus with notes on hypercastration by the hydroid Hydrichthys sp. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 56, 2372–2376. DOI: 10.1139/z78-321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Noble E.R., Collard S.B. 1970. The parasites of midwater fishes. In: (Ed. S.F. Snieszko) Symposium of Diseases of Fishes and Shellfishes, American Fisheries Society, Washington D.C, 57–69Google Scholar
  18. Nordmann A. von, 1864. Neue Beiträge zur Kenntnis parasitischer Copepoden. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou, 37, 461–520, plates V–VIII. (In German)Google Scholar
  19. Nuñes-Ruivo L. 1954. Copépodes parasites de poissons. In: Résultats des Campagnes du ‘Pr. Lacaze Duthiers’ I. Algérie, 1952. Vi e et Milieu, 3, 115–138. (In French)Google Scholar
  20. Oakley C.L. 1930. The Chondracanthidae (Crustacea: Copepoda); with a description of five new genera and one new species. Parasitology 22, 182–201. DOI: 10.1017/s0031182000011057CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Østergaard P. 2003. Catalogue of genera and species of the family Chondracanthidae Milne Edwards, (1840) (Copepoda: Poecilostomatoida) with notes on morphology. Systematic Parasitology, 55, 135–150. DOI: 10.1023/a:1024054902853.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Østergaard P., Boxshall G.A. 2004. Giant females and dwarf males a comparative study of nuptial organs in female Chondracanthidae (Crustacea: Copepoda). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 243, 65–75. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcz.2004.07.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Perkins P.S. 1983. The life history of Cardiodectes medusaeus (Wilson), a copepod parasite of lanternfishes (Myctophidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 3, 70–87. DOI: 10.2307/1547854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Piasecki W., Avenant-Oldewage A. 2008. Diseases Caused by Crustacea. pp. 1113–1198. In: (Eds J. Eiras, H. Segner, T. Wahli and B.G. Kapoor B.G.) Fish Diseases. Science Publishers, Enfield, NH, USAGoogle Scholar
  25. Piasecki W., Goodwin A.E., Eiras J.C., Nowak B.F. 2004. Importance of Copepoda in freshwater aquaculture. Zoological Studies, 43, 193–205. DOI: 10.1016/S0065-308X(08)60265-1Google Scholar
  26. Radujković B.M., Raibaut A. 1987. Copépodes parasites des poissons des côtes du Monténégro (Adriatique sud). Première série. Acta Adriatica, 28, 121–142. (In French)Google Scholar
  27. Radujković B.M., Raibaut A. 1989. Parasite des poissons marins du Monténégro: copépodes. Acta Adriatica, 30, 237–278. (In French)Google Scholar
  28. Raibaut A., Ben Hassine K., Essafi K. 1971. Copépodes parasites des poissons de Tunisie. Bulletin de l’Institut Océanographique des Pêches de Tunisie, 2, 169–197. (In French)Google Scholar
  29. Raibaut A., Combes C., Benoit F. 1998. Analysis of the parasitic copepod species richness among Mediterranean fish. In: (Eds H.U. Dahms, T. Glatzel, H.J. Hirche, S. Schiel and H.K. Schminke). Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Copepoda, Journal of Marine Systems, 15 (1–4), 185–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rousset V.A, Manier J.F, Coste F. 1978. Reproduction et sexualité des copépodes parasites de poissons. I. L’appareil reproducteur de Chondracanthus angustatus Heller, 1865: anatomie, histologie et spermatogenèse. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 55, 73–89. (In French)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ternengo S., Levron C., Marchand B. 2005. Metazoan parasites in sparid fish in Corsica (Western Mediterranean). Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 25, 262–269Google Scholar
  32. Valle A., 1880 Crostacei parassiti dei pesci del mare Adriatico. Bollettino della Società adriatica di scienze naturali, 6, 245–247. (In French)Google Scholar
  33. Yamaguti S. 1963. Parasitic Copepoda and Branchiura of fishes. Interscience Publishers, New York, pp. 1104Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Myriam Garbouj
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bouchra Benmansour
    • 1
  • Yann Quilichini
    • 2
  • Sihem Bahri
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Unit of Integrative Biology and Evolutionary and Functional Ecology of Aquatic Systems, Faculty of Sciences of TunisUniversity of Tunis El ManarTunisTunisia
  2. 2.Parasites and Mediterranean Ecosystems Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and TechniquesUniversity of Corsica Pascal PaoliCorteFrance

Personalised recommendations