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Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 62, Issue 3, pp 606–609 | Cite as

Seroprevalence and risk factors of Neospora spp. and Toxoplasma gondii infections among horses and donkeys in Nigeria, West Africa

  • Eva BártováEmail author
  • Kamil Sedlák
  • Kateřina Kobédová
  • Marie Budíková
  • Yakubu Joel Atuman
  • Joshua Kamani
Article

Abstract

Neospora spp. and Toxoplasma gondii are considered to be a globally distributed parasites affecting wide range of warmblooded animals. Neosporosis has caused clinical illness in horses and consumption of horse meat has been epidemiologically linked to clinical toxoplasmosis in humans. This study was conducted to determine Neospora spp. and T. gondii antibodies and risk factors of infection in horses and donkeys from three states of Nigeria. A total of 144 samples were collected from clinically healthy animals (120 horses and 24 donkeys). The sera were tested for antibodies to Neospora spp. and T. gondii by indirect fluorescence antibody test, a titer ≥ 50 was considered positive. Seroprevalence data were statistically analyzed, considering the variables of gender, age, use, state, origin of breed and type of management. Antibodies to Neospora spp. and T. gondii were detected in 8% horses with titers 50 and in 24% horses with titers 50–800, respectively. Co-infection of both parasites was proved in three horses (3%). Statistical differences were found only for T. gondii seroprevalence in horses with different use, locality, origin and management (p-value ≤ 0.05). Antibodies to T. gondii were detected in four (17%) of 24 donkeys with statistical difference (p-value ≤ 0.05) in animals of different use; antibodies to Neospora spp. were not proved in any of the donkeys. This is the first seroprevalence study of Neospora spp. and T. gondii in equids from Nigeria.

Keywords

Equus caballus Equus asinus IFAT neosporosis toxoplasmosis 

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Copyright information

© Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eva Bártová
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kamil Sedlák
    • 2
  • Kateřina Kobédová
    • 1
  • Marie Budíková
    • 3
  • Yakubu Joel Atuman
    • 4
  • Joshua Kamani
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and EcologyUniversity of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences BrnoBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Virology and SerologyState Veterinary Institute PragueCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of ScienceMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic
  4. 4.NVRI Outstation Investigation Laboratory BauchiNigeria
  5. 5.Parasitology DivisionNational Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI) PMB 01 VomNigeria

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