Advertisement

Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 61, Issue 4, pp 729–742 | Cite as

The genus Ixodes (Acari: Ixodidae) in China with three new record species

  • Yu Guo
  • Yi SunEmail author
  • Rongman Xu
Article

Abstract

Total 24 valid species belongs to 6 subgenera in genus Ixodes had been documented in China. Of them, Eschatocephalus (2 species), Scaphixodes (2 species); Partipalpiger (1 species), Pholeoixodes (3 species) Ixodiopsis (1 species) and the largest subgenus Ixodes (15 species) were involved. Fortunately, we found another 3 new record species, namely I. (Ixodes) apronopho- rus Schulze, 1924, I. (Ixodes)pavlovskyi Pomerantzav, 1946 and I. (Trichotoixodes) frontalis (Panzer, 1798), from the specimens deposited in medical entomology gallery of China, which increase a new subgenus Trichotoixodes to the tick fauna in China. In the present paper, the taxonomy characteristics of the new record species were described briefly based on the specimens examined and keys to the genus Ixodes were also updated.

Keywords

Ixodes China Ixodes frontalis Ixodes pavlovskyi Ixodes apronophorus 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bona M. and Stanko M. 2013. First records of the tick Ixodes frontalis (Panzer, 1795) (Acari, Ixodidae) in Slovakia. Ticks and Tick-Borne Disease, 4, 478–471. DOI:10.1016/j.ttbdis.2013.06.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Camicas J.L., Hervy J.P., Adam F., Morel P.C. (Eds). 1998. The Ticks of the World (Acarida, Ixodida). Nomenclature, Described Stages, Hosts, Distribution. Éditions de l’ORSTOM, ParisGoogle Scholar
  3. Chastel C., Chandler L., Le Goff, Chastel O., Tesh, R., Shope R. 1999. Chizé virus, a new phlebovirus isolated in France from Ixodes (Trichotoixodes) frontalis. Acta Virology, 43, 279–283Google Scholar
  4. Clifford C., Keirans J., Kohls G. 1973. Systematics of the Subfamily Ixodinae (Acarina: Ixodidae). 1. The Subgenera of Ixodes. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 66, 489–500. DOI:10.1093/aesa/66.3.489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Durden, L.A. and Keirans, J.E. (Eds). 1996. Nymphs of the genus Ixodes (Acari: Ixodidae) of the United States: taxonomy identification key, distribution, hosts, and medical/veterinary importance. Lanham, Maryland: Entomological Society of America, pp. 95Google Scholar
  6. Estrada-Peña A., Oteo J.A., Estrada-Peña R., Gortázar C., Osácar J.J., Moreno J.A., Castellá J. 1995. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) from two different foci in Spain. Experimental & Applied Acarology, 19, 173–80. DOI: 10.1007/BF00046289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Filippova N.A. (Ed.). 1977. Ixodinae. Fauna SSSR, Paukoobraznye Tom 4, Vyp. 4. Nauka, Leningrad, pp. 393. (In Russian)Google Scholar
  8. Heylena D., de Coninckb E., Jansen F., Madder M. 2014. Differential diagnosis of three common Ixodes spp. ticks infesting songbirds of Western Europe: Ixodes arboricola, I. frontalis and I. ricinus. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases, 5, 693–700. DOI:10.1016/j.ttbdis.2014.05.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Karbowiak G., Wieczorek M., Borowski Z., Wita I. 2007. The new locality of Ixodes apronophorus Schulze, 1924 in Biebrza National Park, Poland. Wiadomosci Parazytologiczne, 53, 343–345.Google Scholar
  10. Keirans J.E. and Robbins R.G. 1999. A world checklist of genera, subgenera, and species of ticks (Acari: Ixodida) published from 1973–1997. Journal of Vector Ecology, 24, 115–129. DOI: 10.1111/j.1948-7134.1999.00018.xPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Kharitonova N.N. and Leonov Y.A. (Eds). 1986. Omsk hemorrhagic fever, Ecology of the agent and epizootiology. Oxonian Press New Delhi, pp. 230Google Scholar
  12. Kolonin G.V. 2009. Fauna of Ixodid ticks of the world (Acari, Ixodidae) pp. 221. http://www.kolonin.orgGoogle Scholar
  13. Kovalev S.Y., Mikhaylishcheva M.S., Mukhacheva T.A. 2015. Natural hybridization of the ticks Ixodes persulcatus and Ixodes pavlovskyi in their sympatric populations in Western Siberia. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 32, 388–395. DOI: 10.1016/j.meegid.2015.04.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Laakkonen J., Terhivuo J., Huhtamo E., Vapalahti O., Uzcátegui N.Y. 2009 First report of Ixodes frontalis (Acari: Ixodidae) in Finland, an example of foreign tick species transported by a migratory bird. Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica, 85, 16–19Google Scholar
  15. Mikryukova T.P., Moskvitina N.S., Kononova Y.V., Korobitsyn I.G., Kartashov M.Y., Tyuten ‘kov O.Y., Protopopova E.V., Romanenko V.N., Chausov E.V., Gashkov S.I., Konovalova S.N., Moskvitin S.S., Tupota N.L., Sementsova A.O., Ternovoi V.A., Loktev V.B. 2014. Surveillance of tick-borne encephalitis virus in wild birds and Ixodes ticks in Tomskcity and its suburbs (Western Siberia). Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases, 5, 145–51. DOI:10.1016/j.ttbdis.2013.10.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Minoru N., Kenji M., Shigeo K. 1992. A new record of lxodes pavlovskyi Pomerantzev from Hokkaido, Japan (Acari: Ixodidae). Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology, 43, 229–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Monks D., Fisher M., Forbes N.A. 2006. Ixodes frontalis and avian tick-related syndrome in the United Kingdom. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 47, 451–455. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-5827.2006.00031.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Robbins R.G. 2005. The ticks (Acari: Argasidae, Ixodidae) of Taiwan: a synonymic checklist. Proceedings-Entomological Society of Washington, 107, 245–253Google Scholar
  19. Robbins R.G. and Keirans J.E. (Eds). 1992. Systematics and ecology of the subgenus Ixodiopsis (Acari: Ixodidae: Ixodes). Entomological Society of America. Lanham, MarylandGoogle Scholar
  20. Schorn S., Schöl H., Pfister K., Silaghi C. 2011 First record of Ixodes frontalis (Panzer, 1795) collected by flagging in Germany. Ticks and Tick-Borne Disease, 2, 228–230. DOI:10.1016/j.ttb-dis.2011.07.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Siuda K. 1993. Ticks of Poland (Acari: Ixodidae) Part II. Taxonomy and distribution. Polish Society of Parasitologist, Warsaw, Poland, pp. 381. (In Polish)Google Scholar
  22. Teng K.F. and Jiang Z.J. (Eds). 1991. Economic insect fauna of China. Fasc 39. Acarina: Ixodidae. Beijing, Science Press, Academia Sinica. pp. 359. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  23. Tkachev S., Panov V., Dobler G., Tikunova N. 2014. First detection of Kemerovo virus in Ixodes pavlovskyi and Ixodes persulcatus ticks collected in Novosibirsk region, Russia. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases, 5, 494–496. DOI:10.1016/j.ttbdis.2014. 03.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Yu X., Ye R.Y., Gong Z.D. (Eds). 1997. The tick fauna of Xinjiang. Xinjiang Scientific, Technology and Medical Publishing House, Urumqi, China, pp. 169. (In Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Pathogens and Biosecurity, Department of Vector Biology and ControlBeijing Institute of Microbiology and EpidemiologyBeijing CityChina
  2. 2.Center for disease prevention and control of Fengtai Dis. Beijing CityBeijing CityChina

Personalised recommendations