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Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 61, Issue 4, pp 689–693 | Cite as

Characteristics, behaviors and association between Human African Trypanosomiasis and HIV seropositivity among volunteer blood donors in a semi-rural area: A survey from Kikwit, the Democratic Republic of Congo

  • Lefils Kasiama NdiluEmail author
  • Mathilde Bothale Ekila
  • Donald Fundji Mayuma
  • Alain Musaka
  • Roger Wumba
  • Michel Ntetani Aloni
Article

Abstract

Blood safety is a major element in the strategy to control the HIV epidemic. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of a positive HIV test among blood donors and its association between Human African Trypanosomiasis in Kikwit, the Democratic Republic of Congo. A cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2012 and May 2013. An anonymous questionnaire was designed to extract relevant data. The average mean age of participants was 30 years. The majority were man (67.8%). The overall prevalence of HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human African trypanosomiasis was respectively 3.2%, 1.9%, 1.6%, 1.3% and 1.3%. Alcohol intake, casual unprotected sex, not using condoms during casual sex, sex after alcohol intake and seroprevalence of human African trypanosomiasis were significantly associated with a positive HIV test result (p<0.05). In this study, sexual risk behaviors were the major risk factors associated with positive HIV tests in blood donors living in Kikwit. It is important to raise awareness about HIV and voluntary blood donation in response to some observations noted in this study such as the low educational level of the blood donors, the low level of knowledge of HIV prevention methods.

Keywords

Blood donors HIV Human African Trypanosomiasis behaviors risk factors rural area Kikwit the Democratic Republic of Congo Africa 

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Copyright information

© Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lefils Kasiama Ndilu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mathilde Bothale Ekila
    • 2
  • Donald Fundji Mayuma
    • 3
  • Alain Musaka
    • 3
  • Roger Wumba
    • 4
  • Michel Ntetani Aloni
    • 5
  1. 1.Ministère de la SantéZone de Santé de Kasongo-LundaBandunduCongo
  2. 2.Division of Infectiology, Department of Internal MedicineUniversity Hospital of Kinshasa, Faculty of Medicine, University of KinshasaKinshasa XICongo
  3. 3.Centre Provincial de Transfusion Sanguine de BandunduKikwitCongo
  4. 4.Department of Tropical MedicineFaculty of Medicine, University of KinshasaKinshasaCongo
  5. 5.Division of Hemato-oncology and Nephrology, Department of PediatricsUniversity Hospital of Kinshasa, Faculty of Medicine, University of KinshasaKinshasa XI, KinshasaCongo

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