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Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 337–344 | Cite as

Chitin, a key factor in immune regulation: lesson from infection with fungi and chitin bearing parasites

  • Klaudia Brodaczewska
  • Katarzyna Donskow-Łysoniewska
  • Maria DoligalskaEmail author
Research Note

Abstract

The probability of infection with fungi, as well as parasitic nematodes or arthropods may increase in overcrowded population of animals and human. The widespread overuse of drugs and immunosuppressants for veterinary or medical treatment create an opportunity for many pathogenic species. The aim of the review is to present the common molecular characteristics of such pathogens as fungi and nematodes and other chitin bearing animals, which may both activate and downregulate the immune response of the host. Although these pathogens are evolutionary distinct and distant, they may provoke similar immune mechanisms. The role of chitin in these phenomena will be reviewed, highlighting the immune reactions that may be induced in mammals by this natural polymer.

Keywords

Chitin innate immunity parasitic infections immunoregulation 

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Copyright information

© Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaudia Brodaczewska
    • 1
  • Katarzyna Donskow-Łysoniewska
    • 1
  • Maria Doligalska
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Parasitology, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland

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