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Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 99–104 | Cite as

Risk of human toxocarosis in Poland due to Toxocara infection of dogs and cats

  • Jakub GaworEmail author
  • Anna Borecka
  • Magdalena Marczyńska
  • Sabina Dobosz
  • Hanna Żarnowska-Prymek
Article

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to present the current data on the risk of toxocarosis in humans in Poland and to give an overview of the clinical and diagnostic aspects of the disease. The number of reported clinical cases of Toxocara infection in children in Poland in medical literature has increased recently. The results of field surveys aimed to evaluate the soil contamination with geohelminth eggs conducted during the last few years showed that Toxocara is the most common zoonotic agent in urban public sites and in rural settlements. The questionnaire revealed rural inhabitants’ low awareness of zoonotic parasite threats to humans. In particular parents should be advised as to what proper preventive measures to undertake to eliminate the toxocarosis risk factors for children in rural environment. Prevention of initial environment contamination with Toxocara canis and T. cati eggs, which includes proper treatment regimes to eliminate patent infections in dogs and cats and preventing pets from defecating in public areas and private households is vital. To provide the public with suitably presented information as well as pet owners with uniform recommendations, a close collaboration between veterinary and public health professionals is crucial.

Keywords

Toxocarosis epidemiology serology environmental contamination dog cat 

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Copyright information

© W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jakub Gawor
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anna Borecka
    • 2
  • Magdalena Marczyńska
    • 3
  • Sabina Dobosz
    • 3
  • Hanna Żarnowska-Prymek
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratory of Parasitoses of Domestic AnimalsW. Stefański Institute of Parasitology of the Polish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Military Institute of Hygiene and EpidemiologyWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Department of Children’s Infectious DiseasesMedical University of WarsawWarsawPoland
  4. 4.Department of Zoonoses and Tropical DiseasesMedical University of WarsawWarsawPoland

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