, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 588–590 | Cite as

The metabolic syndrome among preschool and school age children and adolescents in Crete in the first decade of the 21st century

  • Christos M. Hatzis
  • Christopher PapandreouEmail author
  • Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla
  • Christine Jildeh
  • Anthony G. Kafatos
Letter to the Editor


  1. 1.
    Alberti G, Zimmet PZ, Shaw JE, 2005 IDF Epidemiology Task Force Consensus Group. The metabolic syndrome — a new word-wide definition from the International Diabetes Federation Consensus. Lancet 366: 1059–1062.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Filippou O, Karanasiou K, Dolianiti M, et al, 2008 Obesity and the metabolic syndrome in greek children and adolescents. Arch Dis Child 93: eap10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tzotzas T, Kapantais E, Tziomalos K, et al, 2011 Prevalence of overweight and abdominal obesity in Greek children 6–12 years old: Results from the National Epidemiological Survey. Hippokratia 15: 48–53.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Manios Y, Magkos F, Christakis G, et al, 2005 Twenty-year dynamics in adiposity and blood lipids of Greek children: regional differences in Crete persist. Acta Paediatr 94: 859–865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Linardakis M, Sarri K, Bertsias G, Kafatos A, 2008 Division of Preventive Medicine and Nutrition. Metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents in Crete, Greece, and association with diet quality and physical fitness. J Public Health 16: 421–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents, 2004 The fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure in children and adolescents. Pediatrics 114: 555–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hatzis CM, Papandreou C, Vardavas C, Athanasopoulos D, Balomenaki E, Kafatos AG, 2012 Atherogenic risk factors among preschool children in Crete, Greece. Indian J Endocrinol Metab 16: 809–814.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, 2011 Expert panel on integrated guidelines for cardiovascular health and risk reduction in children and adolescents: summary report. Pediatrics 128: Supp 15: 213–256.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Christodoulos A, Tokmakidis S, Douda E, Tosoulis D, Gikas E, 2008 Documented and Newer Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Childhood. Arch Hellen Med 25: 1–9.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Molnar D, 2004 The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28: Suppl 3: 70–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jessup A, Harell JS, 2005 The metabolic syndrome: look for it in children and adolescents, too! Clin Diabetes 23: 26–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cook S, Weitzman M, Auinger P, Nguyen M, Dietz WH, 2003 Prevalence of metabolic syndrome phenotype in adolescents: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157: 821–827.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Duncan GE, Li SM, Zhou XH, 2004 Prevalence and trends of a metabolic syndrome phenotype among U.S. Adolescents 1999–2000. Diabetes Care 27: 2438–2443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Weiss R, Dziura J, Burgert TS, 2004 Obesity and the Metabolic Syndrome in children and adolescents. N Eng J Med 350: 2362–2374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cruz ML, Goran MI, 2004 The metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. Curr Diab Rep 4: 53–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Hellenic Endocrine Society 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christos M. Hatzis
    • 1
  • Christopher Papandreou
    • 2
    Email author
  • Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla
    • 3
  • Christine Jildeh
    • 3
  • Anthony G. Kafatos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social Medicine, Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Clinic, Medical SchoolUniversity of CreteHeraklionGreece
  2. 2.Department of Nutrition and DieteticsHarokopio University of AthensKallithea, AthensGreece
  3. 3.Department of Social Medicine, Clinic of Social and Family MedicineUniversity of CreteHeraklionGreece

Personalised recommendations