The Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect

Abstract

During passage through a cluster of galaxies some of the photons of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation are scattered by electrons in the hot intracluster (IC) gas. The scattering slightly modifies the incident Planck spectrum, imprinting on it a unique spectral signature that was first described by Sunyaev and Zeldovich [1]. (The impact of hypothetical hot intergalactic gas on the CMB spectrum was calculated earlier by Weymann [2] and Zeldovich and Sunyaev [3].) This Sunyaev-Zeldovich (S-Z) effect is a valuable tool for probing the cluster environment and the global properties of the universe. The basic significance of the effect was pointed out in the early work of Sunyaev and Zeldovich, and in many papers written during the first decade following their original paper. General reviews of the effect and its measurements include those by Rephaeli [4], Birkinshaw [5], and Carlstrom et al. [6].

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Correspondence to Y. Rephaeli.

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Rephaeli, Y., Sadeh, S. & Shimon, M. The Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect. Riv. Nuovo Cim. 29, 1–18 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1393/ncr/i2007-10015-9

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