Overexpression in Escherichia coli and functional reconstitution of anchovy trypsinogen from the bacterial inclusion body
We have synthesized and optimized a high-yielding Escherichia coli expression system to produce trypsinogen from anchovy Engraulis japonicus and have developed conditions for its successful refolding. Recombinant anchovy trypsinogen precipitated in E. coli Rosetta (DE3) placI strain as inclusion bodies was denatured by 6 M guanidine-HCl followed by refolding with drop wise addition to a large excess of a folding buffer containing 0.5 M non-detergent sulfobetaine (NDSB-251) and a redox potential of oxidized and reduced glutathiones. The folded trypsinogen was autocatalytically activated to its mature form, trypsin, and purified with a MonoQ ion-exchange column. NH2-terminal amino acid sequencings revealed that E. coli efficiently processed NH2-terminal methionine residue from the expressed trypsinogen and that trypsinogen was activated at the correct site to generate active trypsin. The recombinant enzyme showed kinetic properties comparable to those of the native enzyme and demonstrated a typical cleavage preference for arginine over lysine residue against a protein substrate. The optimized expression and folding procedures yielded 12 mg of purified, active trypsin from 1 L of bacterial culture or 45 g wet weight cells, which is quite enough for various analytical and semipreparative purposes.
Index EntriesAnchovy trysinogen expression inclusion body nondetergent sulfobetaine refolding
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