Global amplification of cDNA from limiting amounts of tissue
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In this study we present an improved polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methodology to generate large amounts of high-quality complementary DNA (cDNA) from small amounts of initial total RNA. Global amplification of cDNA makes it possible to simultaneously clone many cDNAs and to construct directional cDNA libraries from a sequence-abundance-normalized cDNA population, and also permits rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE), from a limited amount of starting material. The priming of cDNAs with an adapter oligo-deoxythymidine (oligo-dT) primer and the ligation of a modified oligonucleotide to the 3′ end of single-stranded cDNAs, through the use of T4 RNA ligase, generates known sequences on either end of the cDNA population. This helps in the global amplification of cDNAs and in the sequence-abundance normalization of the cDNA population through the use of PCR. Utilization of a long-range PCR enzyme mix to amplify the cDNA population helps to reduce bias toward the preferential amplification of shorter molecules. Incorporation of restriction sites in the PCR primers allows the amplified cDNAs to be directionally cloned into appropriate cloning vectors to generate cDNA libraries. RACE-PCR done with biotinylated primers and streptavidin-coated para-magnetic particles are used for the efficient isolation of either full-length coding or noncoding strands.
Index EntriesRACE-PCR reverse transcription pea streptavidin-coated magnetic particles
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