A novel imaging probe for in vivo detection of neuritic and diffuse amyloid plaques in the brain
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Extensive deposition of neuritic and diffuse amyloid plaques in the brain is a critical event for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and considered to start before the appearance of clinical symptoms. In vivo detection of these brain β-amyloid (Aβ) deposits using positron emission tomography (PET), therefore, would be a useful marker for presymptomatic detection of AD. To develop a new agent for PET probe of imaging neuritic and diffuse amyloid deposits, novel fluorescent compounds, including styryl-fluorobenzoxazole derivatives, were examined. These compounds showed a high binding affinity for both synthetic Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 aggregates. Some of these compounds also displayed distinct staining of neuritic and diffuse amyloid plaques in AD brain sections. A biodistribution study of styryl-fluorobenzoxazole derivatives in normal mice exhibited excellent brain uptakes (4.5–5.5% injected dose/g at 2 min postinjection). Furthermore, iv administration of BF-145, a styryl-fluorobenzoxazole derivative, demonstrated specific in vivo labeling of compact and diffuse amyloid deposits in an APP23 transgenic mouse brain, in contrast to no accumulation in a wild-type mouse brain. These findings suggest that BF-145 is a potential candidate as a probe for imaging early brain pathology in AD patients.
Index EntriesAmyloid-β protein senile plaques neurofibrillary tangles imaging Alzheimer’s disease positron emission tomography
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