Endocrine Pathology

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 163–169 | Cite as

Correlation between PCNA expression and AgNOR dots in pituitary adenomas

  • Mariusz Klencki
  • Ilona Kurnatowska
  • Dorota Słowińska-Klencka
  • Andrzej Lewiński
  • Marek Pawlikowski
Clinical Research


Nucleolar organizer regions are segments of DNA associated with argyrophilic proteins (AgNORs). Our previous findings showed that the number, the area, and the intranuclear localization of AgNOR dots differ according to tumor aggressiveness and to the hormone-immunopositivity of pituitary adenomas. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is a nuclear protein, whose expression is correlated with cell proliferation. The aim of the present paper was to examine PCNA-labeling indexes in pituitary adenomas and to correlate them with AgNOR dots in various immunohistochemical types of the tumors.

Histological slides from 32 pituitary tumors and one normal pituitary were silver-stained and analyzed with a computerized system for microscopic image analysis. We found that the percentage of PCNA-positive cells did not differ significantly among examined groups of monohormonal adenomas. However, tumors immunopositive for α-subunit (α-SU) showed a significantly higher (p<0.05) PCNA index than adenomas immunonegative for that unit. PCNA index in recurrent tumors was significantly higher than in primary adenomas. There was a moderate positive correlation between the PCNA index and the mean area of AgNOR dots and a similar correlation between the PCNA index and the area of the biggest dot in the nucleus.

The obtained results reveal that the PCNA indexes and estimated parameters of AgNOR dots differ according to tumor aggressiveness.

Key Words

Pituitary adenoma PCNA nucleolar organizer regions immunohistochemistry 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariusz Klencki
    • 1
  • Ilona Kurnatowska
    • 2
  • Dorota Słowińska-Klencka
    • 1
    • 2
  • Andrzej Lewiński
    • 1
  • Marek Pawlikowski
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Thyroidology, Institute of EndocrinologyMedical University of ŁódźPoland
  2. 2.Department of Experimental Endocrinology and Hormonal Diagnostics, Institute of EndocrinologyMedical University of ŁódźPoland

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