Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 247–261 | Cite as

Cardiac involvement in systemic autoimmune diseases

  • Piersandro Riboldi
  • Maria Gerosa
  • Cristina Luzzana
  • Luca Catelli
Article

Abstract

The heart and the vascular system are frequent and characteristic targets of several systemic autoimmune diseases, in particular Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and Systemic Sclerosis (SSc). In this chapter we review the classic cardiac abnormalities and the more recent data about cardiovascular involvement as part of a major disease complication determining a substantial morbidity and mortality.

In addition to the classic cardiac abnormalities involving the heart structures, acute and chronic ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular accidents are threatening clinical manifestations of SLE and RA associated to an early accelerated atherosclerosis. Immune-mediated inflammation is now recognized as an important factor involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.

Ongoing clinical studies are being devised to find specific risk factors associated with systemic autoimmune diseases and/or treatment regimens. Hopefully, prophylactic measures should be available within the next few years.

Index Entries

Autoimmune diseases heart diseases Systemic Lupus Erythematosus scleroderma Rheumatoid Arthritis Sjögren Syndrome polymyositis 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Piersandro Riboldi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maria Gerosa
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cristina Luzzana
    • 1
    • 2
  • Luca Catelli
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of MilanMilanItaly
  2. 2.Allergy and Clinical Immunology UnitIRCCS Istituto AuxologicoMilanItaly

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