Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 98, Issue 1, pp 51–61 | Cite as

Seasonal and locational effects on serum, milk, liver and kidney chromium, manganese, copper, zinc, and iron concentrations of dairy cows

  • Suat Erdogan
  • Sefa Celik
  • Zeynep Erdogan


Chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and iron (Fe) concentrations were quantified in serum (n=112), milk (n=112), liver (n=70), and kidney samples (n=67) of dairy cows from an iron-steel processing region (Payas-Iskenderun) and from an area free of industrial pollution (Antakya) in Hatay, located in Southern Turkey. Samples were collected in the summer and winter and element determinations were carried out by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry. The mean concentrations of selected elements in serum were found to be similar in both regions. Milk samples collected from the nonindustrial region in the summer had higher Cr, Mn, and Zn concentrations than the polluted region. The liver Cu and kidney Mn levels of samples taken from the industrial region in winter were higher than samples of the unpolluted region. Copper and Fe concentrations in milk, Cr, Mn, Zn, and Fe levels in the liver, and Cr, Cu, Zn, and Fe levels in kidney samples were not found to be different among the regions in both seasons. Copper concentrations were below the critical level in the 25% of serum and 32% of liver samples analyzed in this study. Fifteen percent of serum samples and most of the liver samples had lower amounts of Zn than other reported studies. Although slight differences were observed between the industrial and nonindustrial regions, industrial activities and seasonal changes had no significant effect on selected element concentrations on cows and their milk.

Index Entries

Chromium copper cow iron kidney liver manganese milk serum zinc 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suat Erdogan
    • 1
  • Sefa Celik
    • 1
  • Zeynep Erdogan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of Mustafa KemalHatayTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of Mustafa KemalHatayTurkey

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