Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 97, Issue 1, pp 15–30 | Cite as

Selenium supplementation on plasma glutathione peroxidase activity in patients with end-stage chronic renal failure

  • Bronisław A. Zachara
  • Dominika Koterska
  • Jacek Manitius
  • Leszek Sadowski
  • Andrzej Dziedziczko
  • Anna Salak
  • Wojciech Wasowicz


Patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) usually have a lower than healthy level of selenium (Se) in whole blood and plasma. Plasma glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) is synthesized mostly in the kidney. In CRF patients, activity of this enzyme is significantly reduced and its reduction increases with the progress of the disease. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of Se supplementation to CRF patients at various stages of the disease on Se concentration in blood components and on plasma GSH-Px activity.

The study group comprised 53 CRF patients at various stages of the disease supplemented with Se (200 µg/d for 3 mo as Se-enriched yeast, containing about 70% l-selenomethionine [SeMet]). The control group consisted of 20 healthy subjects. The Se concentration in blood components was measured spectrofluorometrically with 2,3-diaminonaphthalene as a complexing reagent. GSH-Px activity in red cell hemolysates and plasma was assayed by the coupled method with tert-butyl hydroperoxide as a substrate.

The Se concentration in whole blood and plasma of CRF patients is significantly lower as compared with healthy subjects, but similar at all stages of the disease. In the patients’ plasma, total protein and albumin levels are also significantly lower than in healthy subjects. Plasma GSH-Px activity in patients is extremely low, and contrary to Se concentration, it decreases linearly with the increasing stage of the illness. Se-supplied patients show an increased Se concentration in all blood components and at all disease stages, whereas plasma GSH-Px activity is enhanced only at the incipient stage of the disease. Se supply has no effect on plasma GSH-Px activity in uremic patients at the end stage of the disease. Total plasma protein and albumin levels did not change after Se supplementation. Our data seem to show that in patients with CRF lower total protein and albumin levels in plasma may be the chief cause of the low blood and plasma Se concentrations. GSH-Px activity decreases along with the kidney impairment. At the end stage of the disease, Se supplementation in the form of Se-enriched yeast has no effect on the increase in plasma GSH-Px activity.

Index Entries

Blood chronic renal failure glutathione peroxidase plasma selenium 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bronisław A. Zachara
    • 1
  • Dominika Koterska
    • 2
  • Jacek Manitius
    • 3
  • Leszek Sadowski
    • 4
  • Andrzej Dziedziczko
    • 2
  • Anna Salak
    • 2
  • Wojciech Wasowicz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Toxicology and CarcinogenesisNofer Institute of Occupational MedicineLodzPoland
  2. 2.Departments of Internal Medicine and AlergologyMedical UniversityBydgoszczPoland
  3. 3.Department of Nephrology and Internal MedicineMedical UniversityBydgoszczPoland
  4. 4.Department of NephrologyMunicipal HospitalInowroclawPoland

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