Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 108, Issue 1–3, pp 115–126 | Cite as

Induction of DNA damage by free radicals generated either by organic or inorganic arsenic (AsIII, MMAIII, and DMAIII) in cultures of B and T lymphocytes

  • Saul Espinosa Gómez
  • Luz Maria del Razo
  • Jose Luis Muñoz Sanchez
Original Articles


The aim of this work is based in the premise that inorganic arsenic (AsIII) and trivalentmethylated metabolites monomethylarsonous (MMAIII) and dimethylarsinous (DMAIII) participate in DNA damage through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We have utilized two lymphoblastic lines, Raji (B cells) and Jurkat (T cells), which were treated with the trivalent arsenic species (dose: 0–100 μM) and analyzed by two assays (comet assay and flow cytometry) in the determination of DNA damage and ROS effects in vivo. The results showed that the damage to the DNA and the generation of ROS are different in both cellular lines with respect to the dose of organic arsenic, and the order of damage is MMAIII>DMAIII>AsIII. This fact suggests that the DMAIII is not always the more cytotoxic intermediary xenobiotic, as has already been reported in another study.

Index Entries

DNA damage trivalent areenic reactive oxygen species (ROS) comet assay dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR123) flow cytometry 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saul Espinosa Gómez
    • 1
  • Luz Maria del Razo
    • 2
  • Jose Luis Muñoz Sanchez
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryNational School of Biological Sciences (ENCB)IPN. Carpio y Plan de Ayala S/NMexico
  2. 2.Department of ToxicologyCenter for Research of Advanced Studies (Cinvestav)Col. San Pedro ZacatencoMexico

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