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Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 113, Issue 1–3, pp 5–12 | Cite as

Designing an effective federal biomass program

  • David MorrisEmail author
Article
  • 26 Downloads

Abstract

This article addresses two questions: Has the effectiveness of the US governments federal research and development (R&D) spending suffered from the post-1980 strategic change from freely shared and publicly owned to privately owned scientific advances? What criteria would a federal R&D program use to design a strategy that most effectively enhances the well-being of farmers and rural communities? Several studies found that the pre-1980 US Department of Agriculture research strategy was very effective. No comparable studies have analyzed the comparative effectiveness of the post-1980 strategy of restricting access to the results of public research. Recent experience and several analytical studies suggest that to significantly enhance the health of rural economies from an expanded use of plant matter as an industrial material, federal policy should channel scientific and engineering research into small- and medium-sized production and processing technologies and should encourage farmer-owned, value-added enterprises.

Index Entries

Ethanol scale ownership research and development effectiveness 

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References

  1. 1.
    Chapman and Associates (1992), An Exploration of Benefits from ARS and Cooperative Research, Littleton, CO.Google Scholar
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    Ramanujam, S., et al. eds. (1980), Science and Agriculture: M.S. Swaminathan and the Movement for Self-Reliance. Arid Zone Research Association of India. New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hosein Shapouri, Paul Gallagher and Michael S. Graboski, USDAś 1998 Ethanol Cost-of-Production Survey. USDA. Washington, D.C. 1998.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Local Self-RelianceMinneapolis

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