Renal Tubular Acidosis after Jejunoileal Bypass for Morbid Obesity: role of secondary hyperparathyroidism
The effect of calcium infusion was studied in patients with renal tubular acidosis (RTA) and secondary hyperparathyroidism. Both developed after jejunoileal bypass operation (JIB) for morbid obesity. In three of four cases the acidification defect was abolished, probably due to a decrease of serum parathyroid hormone. As we found RTA in 9% (95% confidence limits 2-21%) of our patients, screening for acidosis is recommended in obesity patients after malabsorptive operations. RTA can be verified through an ammonium loading test. Before deciding on reestablishing bowel continuity due to RTA, we suggest that patients be evaluated for secondary hyperparathyroidism and vitamin D deficiency by measurement of serum calcium, parathyroid hormone and vitamin 1.25(OH)2D3, and any calcium and vitamin D deficiency be corrected. An intravenous calcium loading test can predict the outcome of oral calcium and vitamin D supplementation. If RTA can be abolished through correction of calcium homeostasis, reoperation may be avoided. Before deciding on re-establishing bowel continuity in JIB patients with RTA, we therefore suggest that patients be evaluated for secondary hyperparathyroidism and any calcium deficiency be corrected.
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