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Obesity Surgery

, Volume 15, Issue 9, pp 1252–1256 | Cite as

Conservative Management of Anastomotic Leaks after 557 Open Gastric Bypasses

  • Attila Csendes
  • Patricio Burdiles
  • Ana Maria Burgos
  • Fernando Maluenda
  • Juan Carlos Diaz
Article

Background: One of the most serious complications after gastric bypass is an anastomotic leak. In a prospective surgical protocol for the management of this complication, the authors determined the incidence of anastomotic leaks Methods: From August 1999 to January 2005, 557 patients with morbid obesity were submitted to laparotomic resectional gastric bypass. In all patients a left drain was placed during surgery. All patients had a radiological study with liquid barium sulphate on the 5th postoperative day. After the occurrence of an anastomotic leak, the daily output of the leak was carefully measured. Results: 12 patients developed an anastomotic leak at the gastrojejunostomy. All were managed medically, with antibiotics if necessary, enteral or parenteral feeding and frequent control by imaging procedures. In 8 patients, the left drain was maintained in situ up to 43 days after surgery. In 4 patients, the drain had been removed between the 5th and 8th days after surgery after a normal radiologic study, but had to be inserted under radiological control 2-3 weeks after the gastric bypass. Daily output increased significantly the second week after surgery, and the leak closed at a mean of 30 days after surgery. One patient of the 12 (8%) died 32 days after surgery from septic shock, without any abdominal collection secondary to the leak. Conclusion: The occurrence of an anastomotic leak is nearly 2% after gastric bypass. The majority of them can be managed medically, without the need for a reoperation, due to the fact that there is no acid production in the small gastric pouch and there is no intestinal reflux due to the long Roux loop.

MORBID OBESITY BARIATRIC SURGERY GASTRIC BYPASS COMPLICATION GASTROJEJUNOSTOMY LEAK 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Attila Csendes
    • Patricio Burdiles
      • Ana Maria Burgos
        • Fernando Maluenda
          • Juan Carlos Diaz

            There are no affiliations available

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