Inpatient Pain Medication Requirements after Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass
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Introduction: One of the benefits of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) includes decreased pain, possibly resulting in decreased narcotic use, quicker recovery of bowel function, and shorter hospital stay. We utilize a pain management strategy for our patients undergoing laparoscopic RYGBP. We investigated this strategy as well as narcotic use and incidence of ileus. Methods: Inpatient data for patients who underwent laparoscopic RYGBP were collected. Our pain management strategy included a standing dose of ketorolac, morphine sulphate as needed, and propoxyphene hydrochloride/acetaminophen as needed after liquids were initiated. No PCAs were utilized. Results: There were 104 patients in this study. 12 patients did not undergo our pain management strategy due to reoperation (5), postoperative hemorrhage (2), and allergies (5). 2 patients required no pain medications other than ketorolac. Only 2 patients had a delay of discharge (postoperative day [POD] 3 and 5) due to lack of bowel function. An average of 11.2 mg of morphine and an average of 170 mg of propoxyphene (1.7 pills) were given by the end of POD 2. In addition, 74% of patients required no morphine on POD 2 and 48% of patients required no propoxyphene on POD 2. Bowel movements were reported in 65% patients on POD 1. Conclusions: After laparoscopic RYGBP, only a minimal amount of narcotic use is necessary. Few patients have an ileus when utilizing this pain management strategy after laparoscopic RYGBP.
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