Complications after Gastroplasty and Gastric Bypass as a Primary Operation and as a Reoperation
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Background: Since 1991 we performed vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) as our surgical treatment of choice for morbid obesity in 680 patients, and since 1996 we also performed Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in 36 patients. For revisional surgery, the surgeons chose procedures based on their experience. Methods: We recorded early complications (0.6%) and late complications (8.5%) after the primary operations.When staple-line disruption or stenosis of the banded stoma occurred after VBG, revisional surgery was performed with re-VBG or conversion to RYGBP. Some early complications needed emergency operation for bleeding or gastric perforation. Results: Mortality was zero. Reoperation with reVBG and RYGBP was effective in all patients, but for many, a long stay in hospital was necessary because reoperation had a high rate of early and late complications, 33.8% and 21.8% respectively. Conclusion: The treatment of complications after VBG with re-VBG and RYGBP had danger.We believe that when VBG failure occurs, to avoid dangerous complications again, we should perform a biliopancreatic diversion, which does not involve a gastric restriction.
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