The Well-to-Wheel Analysis Measurable and Plannable Environmental Performance
- 42 Downloads
Climate change and resource depletion present a major challenge for the automotive industry. As oil reserves dwindle, so other resources capable of providing energy for the mobility sector are being sought, and alternative powertrain solutions are taking on a new significance. At the same time the efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions of the different types of vehicle can no longer be measured simply by focusing narrowly on powertrain performance but only by looking at the complete energy chain from resource to road. VW has created a “well-to-wheel” analysis to provide support in developing a sustainable fuel & powertrain strategy.
In such an analysis, vehicles and powertrains are assessed with reference to sustainable resource use and reduced CO2emissions, taking into account the fact that the efficiency of a vehicle powertrain is not determined just by the efficiency of the engine but also – particularly in light of the increasing diversity of available fuels and energy...
KeywordsElectric Vehicle Petrol Engine Renewable Electricity Battery Electric Vehicle Powertrain System
- Guinée, J. B.; Lindeijer, E.: Handbook on Life Cycle Assessment: Operational guide to the ISO standards. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002Google Scholar
- International Energy Agency: „World Energy Outlook 2010“. Paris: IEA Publications, 2010Google Scholar
- Joint Research Center (JRC) of the European Commission: European Life Cycle Database. Ispra: JRC, 2010Google Scholar
- PE International: Life Cycle Assessment database of GaBi Software. Stuttgart: PE International, 2011Google Scholar
- International Organization for Standardization: ISO 14040: Environmental Management – Life Cycle Assessment – Principles and Framework. 2nd ed. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization, 2006Google Scholar