, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 40–45 | Cite as

The Well-to-Wheel Analysis Measurable and Plannable Environmental Performance

  • Benjamin Boßdorf-Zimmer
  • Stephan Krinke
  • Tobias Lösche-ter Horst
Engine Technology Energy Chains

Climate change and resource depletion present a major challenge for the automotive industry. As oil reserves dwindle, so other resources capable of providing energy for the mobility sector are being sought, and alternative powertrain solutions are taking on a new significance. At the same time the efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions of the different types of vehicle can no longer be measured simply by focusing narrowly on powertrain performance but only by looking at the complete energy chain from resource to road. VW has created a “well-to-wheel” analysis to provide support in developing a sustainable fuel & powertrain strategy.


In such an analysis, vehicles and powertrains are assessed with reference to sustainable resource use and reduced CO2emissions, taking into account the fact that the efficiency of a vehicle powertrain is not determined just by the efficiency of the engine but also – particularly in light of the increasing diversity of available fuels and energy...


Electric Vehicle Petrol Engine Renewable Electricity Battery Electric Vehicle Powertrain System 
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Copyright information

© Springer Automotive Media Wiesbaden GmbH 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin Boßdorf-Zimmer
    • 1
  • Stephan Krinke
    • 1
  • Tobias Lösche-ter Horst
    • 1
  1. 1.Volkswagen Group Research (Environmental Affairs Product)WolfsburgGermany

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