, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 40–45 | Cite as

The Well-to-Wheel Analysis Measurable and Plannable Environmental Performance

  • Benjamin Boßdorf-Zimmer
  • Stephan Krinke
  • Tobias Lösche-ter Horst
Engine Technology Energy Chains


Electric Vehicle Petrol Engine Renewable Electricity Battery Electric Vehicle Powertrain System 


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    Guinée, J. B.; Lindeijer, E.: Handbook on Life Cycle Assessment: Operational guide to the ISO standards. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002Google Scholar
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    International Energy Agency: „World Energy Outlook 2010“. Paris: IEA Publications, 2010Google Scholar
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    Joint Research Center (JRC) of the European Commission: European Life Cycle Database. Ispra: JRC, 2010Google Scholar
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    PE International: Life Cycle Assessment database of GaBi Software. Stuttgart: PE International, 2011Google Scholar
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    International Organization for Standardization: ISO 14040: Environmental Management – Life Cycle Assessment – Principles and Framework. 2nd ed. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization, 2006Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Automotive Media Wiesbaden GmbH 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin Boßdorf-Zimmer
    • 1
  • Stephan Krinke
    • 1
  • Tobias Lösche-ter Horst
    • 1
  1. 1.Volkswagen Group Research (Environmental Affairs Product)WolfsburgGermany

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