Determination of Organic Acids in Red Wine and Must on Only One RP-LC-Column Directly After Sample Dilution and Filtration
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A new method for simultaneous determination of organic acids in red wine and must by liquid chromatography was studied. The determination of organic acids in wines can be achieved in less than 13 min, preceded only by a simple sample dilution and filtration step. With this method, the chromatographic separation of eight organic acids and interfering peaks present in red wine, required only one reversed phase column (Waters Atlantis dC18 column, 4.6 × 150 mm ID, 5 μm). As mobile phase, isocratic acetonitrile–0.01 mol L−1 KH2PO4 at pH 2.7 5:95 (v/v) at a flow rate of 0.8 mL min−1 was used. Detection wavelength was set at 210 nm except for ascorbic acid which was detected at 243 nm. Application to red wine and must confirmed good repeatability and showed a wide variation range for concentrations of organic acids.
KeywordsColumn liquid chromatography Organic acid Red wine Must
This research was supported by a major program of the Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission (No. D07060500160701). We wish to thank Yun-Tao Duan and Yan-Jun Zheng since they contributed equally to this work.
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