Chemical Fingerprinting and Hierarchical Clustering Analysis of Centella asiatica from Different Locations in China
- 226 Downloads
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban is a widely distributed herbaceous plant with great medicinal value that has been extensively used in traditional Chinese medicine. For effective quality control of C. asiatica, a feasible approach and control system is necessary. In this paper, a chemical fingerprint method (column liquid chromatography) was developed for investigating and demonstrating the variance of chemical components among different populations of C. asiatica, from 14 locations in China. The LC data showed considerable variation of chemical constituents among C. asiatica populations. Four chemotypes were visually developed from the chromatographic profiles. The hierarchical clustering analysis further suggested that the samples were divided into four major groups. The grouping of 14 C. asiatica populations in hierarchical clustering analysis was in good agreement with the visual comparison of their chromatograms, as demonstrated by chemotypes. In addition, the bioactive compound asiaticoside in this herb was quantitatively determined by a validated reversed-phase liquid chromatography analysis. Chemotype I was identified as asiaticoside-rich chemotype and exhibited significantly higher amounts of asiaticoside. These findings and results provide a solid basis to establish good agriculture practice and select geo-authentic crude drug for C. asiatica. The established method was considered to be suitable for fingerprint analysis for the quality control of C. asiatica.
KeywordsColumn liquid chromatography Chemical fingerprint Hierarchical clustering analysis Asiaticoside Centella asiatica
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 30572327). We thank Dr. C. J. Zheng, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, China, for technical assistance.
- 3.Chevallier A, Namba T (2000) The encyclopedia of medicinal plants. Seibundo Shinkosha Publishing Co. Ltd, China, p 74Google Scholar
- 4.Joshi SG (2000) Medicinal plants. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, p 31Google Scholar
- 6.Punuree K, Wild CP, Kasinrerk W, Vinitketkumnuen U (2005) Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 6:396–400Google Scholar
- 10.European Pharmacopoeia (2002) 4th ednGoogle Scholar
- 14.Das A, Mallick R (1991) Bot Bull Acad Sin 32:1–8Google Scholar
- 16.WHO (2000) General guidelines for methodologies on research and evaluation of traditional medicine. WHO, Geneva, p 1Google Scholar
- 17.FDA (2000) Guidance for industry-botanical drug products (draft guidance) FDA, Washington, DC, I, B, 2e; 3eGoogle Scholar
- 18.EMA (2001) Note for guidance on quality of herbal medicinal products European Medicines Agency, London, p 6Google Scholar
- 19.SFDA. State Drug Administration of China (2000) Requirements for studying fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine injection (Draft). Chin Tradition Patent Med 22:671–675Google Scholar
- 20.Liang YZ, Xie P, Chan K (2004) J Chromatogr B 812:53–70Google Scholar
- 21.Schaneberg BT, Mikell JR, Bedir E, Khan IA (2003) Pharmazie 58:381–384Google Scholar