Advertisement

Chromatographia

, Volume 63, Issue 7–8, pp 365–371 | Cite as

Preparation of a Carbon-Coated SPME Fiber and Application to the Analysis of BTEX and Halocarbons in Water

  • Wang Shutao
  • Wang Yan
  • You Hong
  • Yao Jie
Article

Abstract

A carbon-coated fiber for solid-phase microextraction (SPME) has been prepared from powdered activated carbon (PAC) and a fused-silica fiber. Scanning electron microscopy of the coating revealed the carbon particles were uniformly distributed on the surface of the fiber substrate. Efficient extraction of BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene, and o-xylene) and halocarbons (chloroform, trichloroethylene, and carbon tetrachloride), with short extraction and desorption times, was achieved by use of the coated fiber. The maximum working temperature of the coated fiber was 300 °C and the lifetime was over 140 desorption operations at 260 °C. Limits of quantification (LOQ) of the SPME method for the eight analytes ranged from 0.01 to 0.94 µg L−1, and relative standard deviations (RSD) were below 7.2% (n=6). Recoveries were 87.9–113.4% when the method was applied to the analysis of BTEX and the halocarbons in real aqueous samples.

Keywords

Gas chromatography Solid-phase microextraction Powdered activated carbon fibre BTEX and halocarbons in water 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Magdic S, Pawliszyn J (1996) J Chromatogr A 723:111–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Belardi RG, Pawliszyn J (1989) Water Pollut Res J Can 24:179–185Google Scholar
  3. Arthur CLZ, Pawliszyn J (1990) Anal Chem 62:2145–2148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lord H, Pawliszyn J (2000) J Chromatogr A 885:153–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Navalón A, Prieto A, Araujo LA, Vilchez JL (2001) Chromatographia 54:377–382Google Scholar
  6. Rodrigues MVN, Reyes FGR, Rehder VLG (2005) Chromatographia 61:291–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Luan TG, Li GK, Zhao MQ, Zhang ZX (2000) Anal Chim Acta 404:329–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Zambonin CG, Palmisano F (2000) J Chromatogr A 874:247–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Monje MC, Privat C, Gastine V, Nepveu F (2002) Anal Chim Acta 458:111–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fang RB (1998) Chin J Anal Chem 26:1029–1032Google Scholar
  11. Elke K, Jermann E, Begerow J, Dunemann L (1998) J Chromatogr A 826:191–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Rearden P, Harrington PB (2005) Anal Chim Acta 545:13–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Liu MM, Zeng ZR, Fang HF (2005) J Chromatogr A 1076:16–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Van DWL, Van GCAM, Hermens JLM (2004) Chemosphere 54:561–568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Grinberg P, Campos RC, Mester Z, Sturgeon RE (2003) J Chromatogr B 796:55–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. An M, Haig T, Hatfield P (2001) J Chromatogr A 917:245–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dugay J, Miege C, Hennion MC (1998) J Chromatogr A 795:27–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Spichiger M, Mühlbauer RC, Renneisen RB (2004) J Chromatogr B 799:111–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Waidyanatha S, Zheng YX, Rappaport SM (2003) Chem Biol Interact 145:165–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Chen J, Pawliszyn J (1995) J Anal Chem 67:2530–2533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Djozan D, Assadi Y (1995) Talanta 42:861–865CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fan Y, Feng YQ, Shi ZG (2005) Anal Chim Acta 543:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gbatu TP, Sutton KL, Caruso JA (1999) Anal Chim Acta 402:67–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shirey RE, Mani V, Mindrup R, (1998) Paper no 256 presented at the Pittsburgh Conference, available from Supelco, Ref T498041Google Scholar
  25. Wang DH, Peng JG, Xing J, Wu CY, Xu Y (2004) J Chromatogr Sci 42:57–61Google Scholar
  26. Sarrión MN, Santos FJ, Galceran MT (2002) J Chromatogr A 947:155–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hamm S, Bleton J, Connan J, Tchapla A, (2005) Phytochemistry 66:1499–1514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Jia JP, Feng X, Fang NH, Wang YL (2002) J Environ Sci Health A 37:489–494Google Scholar
  29. Cho HJ, Baek K, Lee HH, Lee SH, Yang JW (2003) J Chromatogr A 988:177–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Popp P, Paschke A (1997) Chromatographia 46:419–424Google Scholar
  31. Marsili RT (1999) J Chromatogr Sci 37:17–23Google Scholar
  32. Marsili RT (1999) J Agric Food Chem 47:648–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Page BD, Lacroix G (2000) J Chromatogr A 873:79–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yang HB (1999) Chin J Phys Testing Chem Anal: Chem Anal 35:103–106Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn/GWV Fachverlage GmbH 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wang Shutao
    • 1
  • Wang Yan
    • 2
  • You Hong
    • 1
  • Yao Jie
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Municipal and Environmental EngineeringHarbin Institute of Technology (HIT)HarbinP.R. China
  2. 2.Department of Applied ChemistryHarbin Institute of Technology (HIT)HarbinP.R. China

Personalised recommendations