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Chromatographia

, Volume 65, Issue 5–6, pp 367–371 | Cite as

Determination by LC of Polyphenols in Italian Red Wine

  • A. M. Tarola
  • V. Giannetti
Limited Short Communication

Abstract

A reversed-phase liquid chromatographic method, optimised for the separation of trans-, and cis-resveratrol, catechin, epicatechin, quercetin and rutin, is reported. Separation was achieved using a C18 column and a gradient elution with acetonitrile and 5% formic acid aqueous solution. The analyses required an equilibration period of 10 min and a run time of 25 min for completion. Identification was based on retention characteristics and by relative UV spectra, obtained by photodiode array detector and were compared with commercial standards. Analyses were performed without any sample pre-treatment. Detection was carried out by UV–Vis detector at three different wavelengths. The detection limit ranged from 0.16 μgm L−1 (cis-resveratrol) to 1.5 μgm L−1 (+)-catechin. Investigation was extended to quantitative determination of phenol compounds in Italian red wine and to investigate the stability of the six antioxidants.

Keywords

Column liquid chromatography Polyphenols Catechin and epicatechin Resveratrol Rutin and quercetin Red wine 

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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlag/GWV Fachverlage GmbH 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Control and Management of Commodities and Their Impact on EnvironmentUniversity “La Sapienza”RomeItaly

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