Capillary electrophoresis approaches have been utilized for the study of bacteria under specific experimental conditions. The main objective within our research work was to study electrophoretic behaviors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by means of capillary electrophoresis with UV and fluorescence detection. Edwardsiella tarda and Enteropathogenic escherichia coli were also included in the study. The results showed that proper pretreatment (vortexing or sonication) for each bacterial sample before injection was necessary to disperse the clusters of cells, which is helpful to observe the single peaks and better peak shape of bacteria during electrophoresis. Apart from this, it was found that ionic strength of buffer affected mobilities of Pseudomonas aeruginosa as a result of increasing of buffer concentration from 25 mM to 150 mM. Moreover, sharp and single peaks were still observed without significant increase of noise in the concentration range. Eventually, mixtures of bacteria were well separated under optimized separation conditions with UV and fluorescence detection. In the mean time, comparison of concentration sensitivities for Pseudomonas aeruginosa by UV and fluorescence detection was made. Blue light emitting diode induced fluorescence detection was found to be more sensitive (8.5-fold higher) than UV detection with home-made fluorescence detection system. Generally, proposed CE methods for the analysis of bacteria could be potentially valuable for the monitoring of bacteria contamination in real life.