, Volume 62, Issue 1–2, pp 109–111 | Cite as

SPME-GC-MSD for Determination of Nine Phenyl Compounds in Snow Water in Beijing China

Short Communication


Solid phase microextraction (SPME) then capillary gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection have been used for determination of nine phenyl compounds in snow water in Beijing City. Headspace extraction with a fiber coated with 100 µm PDMS was used to extract the compounds. Extraction and desorption times were optimized at 8 and 2 min, respectively. Relative standard deviation (RSD) of the analytical method was found to be less than 5%. The linear range was wide and limits of detection were less than 5 ng mL−1 for the nine target analytes. Several phenyl compounds at ng mL−1 levels were detected in snow samples in Beijing, indicating the corresponding air pollution.


Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry Solid phase microextraction Headspace sampling Snow water Phenyl compounds 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Knox RC, Canter LW (1996) Water Air Soil Pollut 88:205–226Google Scholar
  2. Arthur C, Pawliszyn J (1990) Anal Chem 62:2145–2148Google Scholar
  3. Zhang Z, Yang M, Pawliszyn J (1994) Anal Chem 66(17):844A–852AGoogle Scholar
  4. Pawliszyn J, Potter D (1992) J Chromatogr 625:247Google Scholar
  5. Eisert R, Levsen K (1996) J Chromatogr 733(1/2):143–145Google Scholar
  6. Jiu AI (1998) Anal Chem 70(22):4822–4826Google Scholar
  7. Huang JX (1997) Hua Xue Jin Zhan (Chinese Magazine) 9(2):179–191Google Scholar
  8. Smaele TD, Moens L, Sandra P, Dams R (1999) Mikrochim Acta 130:241Google Scholar
  9. Poerschmann J, Kopinke FD, Pawliszyn J (1997) Environ Sci Technol 31:362Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn/GWV Fachverlage GmbH 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shan Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Junxiong Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xing Gao
    • 3
  • Liwen Zhao
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and EcotoxicologyResearch Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Central LaboratoryBeijing Municipal Center for Disease Prevention and ControlBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations