Evaluation of the Linear-Elution-Strength Model for the Prediction of Retention and Selectivity in Isothermal Gas Chromatography
Linear-elution strength theory and temperature-programmed gas chromatography is evaluated as a rapid method for predicting isothermal retention factors and column selectivity. Retention times for a wide range of compounds are determined at the program rates of 3 and 12 °C/min for the temperature range 60 to 160 °C on three open-tubular columns (DB-1701, DB-210 and EC-Wax) and used to predict isothermal retention factors for each column over the temperature range 60 to 140 °C. The temperature-program predicted isothermal retention factors are compared with experimental values using linear regression and the solvation parameter model. It is shown that isothermal retention factors predicted by the linear-elution-strength model only approximately represents the experimental data. The model fails to predict the slight curvature that exists in most plots of the experimental retention factor (log k) as a function of temperature. In addition, regression of the temperature-program predicted isothermal retention factors against the experimental values indicates that the slopes and intercepts deviate significantly from their target values of one and zero, respectively, in a manner which is temperature dependent. The temperature-program predicted isothermal retention factors result in system constants for the solvation parameter model that are different to those obtained from the experimental retention factors. These results are interpreted as indicating that linear-elution-strength theory predicts retention factors that fail to accurately model stationary phase interactions over a wide temperature range. It is concluded that temperature-program methods using linear-elution-strength theory are unsuitable for constructing system maps for isothermal separations.
KeywordsGas chromatography Temperature programming Linear-elution-strength model Solvation parameter model
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