, Volume 60, Issue 1–2, pp 125–130 | Cite as

Determination and Differentiation of Two Seemingly Identical Medicinal Herbs by Capillary Electrophoresis with Electrochemical Detection

  • Q. C. Chu
  • Y. H. Cao
  • Y. Y. Peng
  • L. Fu
  • J. N. Ye


A high-performance capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection (CE-ED) method has been employed for the determination of six bioactive ingredients in traditional Chinese herbs, Herba cepbalanoplosis segeti and Herba cirsii japonici. The effects of several factors such as the acidity and concentration of running buffer, the separation voltage, the applied potential and the injection time on CE-ED were investigated. Under the optimum conditions, the six analytes could be well separated within 21 min in a 75 cm length capillary at the separation voltage of 15 kV in a 50 mmol L−1 borax running buffer (pH 8.4). A 300 μm diameter carbon disk electrode was used as the working electrode positioned carefully opposite the outlet of the capillary in a wall-jet configuration at potential of +950 mV (vs. SCE). Good linear relationship was established between peak current and concentration of analytes over two orders of magnitude with detection limits (S/N=3) ranged from 1.5×10−7 to 6.0×10−7 g mL−1 for all six analytes. This proposed method has been successfully applied for the analysis of traditional Chinese herbs after a relatively simple extraction procedure, further on, for the differentiation of these above two seemingly identical herbs based on their electropherograms or characteristic “electrochemical profiles”.


Capillary electrophoresis Electrochemical detection Herba cepbalanoplosis segeti and Herba cirsii japonici 


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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg&Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Q. C. Chu
    • 1
  • Y. H. Cao
    • 2
  • Y. Y. Peng
    • 1
    • 3
  • L. Fu
    • 1
  • J. N. Ye
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryEast China Normal UniversityShanghaiP.R. China
  2. 2.School of Chemical and Material EngineeringSouthern Yangtze UniversityWuxiP.R. China
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryQuanzhou Normal CollegeFujianP.R. China

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