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Big Public Data aus dem Programmable Web: Chancen und Herausforderungen

  • Ulrich Matter
Schwerpunkt
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Zusammenfassung

Die Verbreitung des Internets, die zunehmende Digitalisierung in der öffentlichen Verwaltung und Politik, sowie die Entfaltung der Civic Technology Bewegung haben über die letzten Jahre zu einer starken Zunahme an hochdetaillierten digitalen Datenbeständen über politische Akteure und Prozesse geführt. Diese big public data werden oft über programmatische Schnittstellen (Web application programming interfaces; programmable Web) verbreitet, um die Einbettung der Daten in anderen Webanwendungen zu vereinfachen und somit ein möglichst großes Publikum zu erreichen. Die Analyse dieser Daten für wissenschaftliche Zwecke in der politischen Ökonomie und Politologie ist vielversprechend, setzt jedoch die Implementierung einer data pipeline zur systematischen Beschaffung und Aufbereitung von Daten aus dem programmable Web voraus. Dieser Artikel diskutiert die Chancen und Herausforderungen der praktischen Nutzung dieser Datenbestände für die empirische Forschung und zeigt anhand einer Fallstudie ein mögliches Vorgehen zur systematischen Analyse von big public data aus dem programmable Web auf.

Schlüsselwörter

API Big Public Data Civic Technology Bewegung Data Pipeline Programmable Web Religion US Politik 

Big Public Data from the Programmable Web: Opportunities and Challenges

Abstract

The diffusion of the Internet, the increasing digitization in public service and politics, as well as the evolvement of the civic technology movement have led to a sharp increase in highly granular digital data on political officials und political processes. These big public data are typically distributed in various data formats via so-called Web application programming interfaces in order to facilitate the embedding of these data in web applications with the aim of reaching a large audience. The analysis of these data for research in political economics and political science is very promising. Yet, conducting such analyses efficiently, presupposes the implementation of a data pipeline to systematically collect und combine data from programmable Web sources. This article discusses the opportunities and challenges for the practical exploitation of these new data sources for social-science research. A case study in the context of research on religion in US Politics illustrates an approach to systematically collect and analyse big public data based on the programmable Web.

Keywords

API Big Public Data Civic Technology Movement Data Pipeline Programmable Web Religion US Politics 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Matter
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Economics and Political Science (SEPS-HSG)/SIAWUniversität St. GallenSt. GallenSchweiz

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